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帖子主题:新华社英文评论:是该考虑“去美国化”的时候了

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新华社英文评论:是该考虑“去美国化”的时候了

虽然现在美国两党政客正在内斗,但他们仍不断吹嘘自己的体制有多么完美,却拿不出一个切实的解决政府关门的方案,这可能是看戏看糊涂的世界开始好好考虑“去美国化”的好时机。

从血雨腥风的二战起,美国成了世界上最强大的国家,之后,它一直试图建立全球帝国。手段包括强推战后世界秩序,帮助欧洲经济复苏,在那些似乎很难对美国友好的国家里煽动政权变更。

拥有着看似无敌的经济实力和军事实力,美国已经宣布,它在世界上几乎每个角落都有至关重要的利益需要保护。它习惯于插手所有远在天边的别国事务。

同时,美国政府一边不惜采取任何手段,在世人面前树立自己是道德高地的形象,一边偷偷而又胆大妄为地折磨战俘、使用无人机残杀普通民众、监控其他国家的领导人等等。

这就是所谓“美国治下的和平”(Pax-Americana)。我们从来看不到美国曾帮助化解暴力、缓解冲突,也看不到美国曾为减少贫穷和无家可归者做出努力,更看不到美国带来过真正的、持久的和平。

而且,美国不仅没有像负责任的领导者那样尽责自重,自私自利的华盛顿还滥用其超级大国的地位,给世界带来更多混乱。美国不断地把金融危机扩散到海外,激起地区冲突和领土争端,并以赤裸裸的谎言为幌子而发起未经授权的战争。

结果,拜那些贪婪的华尔街精英所赐,各国仍在为摆脱经济灾难而挣扎。而这几年在伊拉克,爆炸和杀戮已经成了日常生活的一部分,此前华盛顿宣称它把伊拉克人民从专制政权中解放了出来。

最近,华盛顿又陷入周期性的僵局,两党仍在为联邦财政预算寻找一个可行方案,还指望能够在提高美债上限问题上达成一致。这让许多拥有巨量美元资产的债主身处险境,国际社会备受煎熬。

其他国家的命运被掌握在一个虚伪国家的手里,这样危急的日子必须结束。应建立新的世界秩序,无论国家大小、贫穷与否,它们的关键利益都会被一视同仁地得到尊重。

为实现此目的,建设和加强一个“去美国化”的新世界需要这么几个基本要素。

首先,所有国家都须遵守国际法的基本原则,包括尊重各国主权,不插手别国事务。

其次,应当认可联合国处理国际热点事件的权威。这意味着在联合国没有授权时,任何国家都没有权力进行军事行动。

此外,全球金融体系还应有实质性的改革。

发展中的新兴市场经济体应当在主要的国际金融组织中拥有更多发言权。这些国际组织包括世界银行和国际货币基金组织(IMF)。这样才能更好地反映出世界经济和政治格局的变化。

另一项有效改革的关键点是要创造、引进新的货币作为国际储备货币,以取代美元的主导地位,这样才能使国际社会永远摆脱美国国内加剧的政治混乱的影响。

当然,要做出这些改变的目的并不是要完全把美国撇开,而且这是不可能的。相反,这是为了鼓励华盛顿在国际事务中扮演更具建设性的角色。

而在所有变革选择中,建议那些华盛顿的政客们先从结束目前的致命僵局开始。

(夏雪妮译/岑少宇校)

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      中日之仇、不共戴天。
      “日本人也算人吗?”我质问上帝道。上帝脸上露出一丝羞愧,支吾半天结结巴巴的说道,“算,算,算是吧。”我拍拍他的肩膀,“这不是你的真心话。
      上帝涨红了脸,转身欲逃走。我想想心有不甘便一把抓住他,失手造批禽兽出来也就算了,但你也不能把它们紧挨着咱中国人放啊!
      上帝哭丧着脸,“你们中国人自己死好面子讲什么仁义,早点踏平过去,不早没事了。”我被上帝说得咽住了,无语中。
      2013/10/16 18:45:09

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      2013/10/16 22:30:16
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      新华社英文评论:是该考虑“去美国化”的时候

      新华社英文评论:是该考虑“去美国化”的时候

      2013/10/16 18:49:41
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      新华社英文评论:是该考虑“去美国化”的时候

      Commentary: U.S. fiscal failure warrants a de-Americanized world

      By Xinhua writer Liu Chang

      BEIJING, Oct. 13 (Xinhua) -- As U.S. politicians of both political parties are still shuffling back and forth between the White House and the Capitol Hill without striking a viable deal to bring normality to the body politic they brag about, it is perhaps a good time for the befuddled world to start considering building a de-Americanized world.

      Emerging from the bloodshed of the Second World War as the world's most powerful nation, the United States has since then been trying to build a global empire by imposing a postwar world order, fueling recovery in Europe, and encouraging regime-change in nations that it deems hardly Washington-friendly.

      With its seemingly unrivaled economic and military might, the United States has declared that it has vital national interests to protect in nearly every corner of the globe, and been habituated to meddling in the business of other countries and regions far away from its shores.

      Meanwhile, the U.S. government has gone to all lengths to appear before the world as the one that claims the moral high ground, yet covertly doing things that are as audacious as torturing prisoners of war, slaying civilians in drone attacks, and spying on world leaders.

      Under what is known as the Pax-Americana, we fail to see a world where the United States is helping to defuse violence and conflicts, reduce poor and displaced population, and bring about real, lasting peace.

      Moreover, instead of honoring its duties as a responsible leading power, a self-serving Washington has abused its superpower status and introduced even more chaos into the world by shifting financial risks overseas, instigating regional tensions amid territorial disputes, and fighting unwarranted wars under the cover of outright lies.

      As a result, the world is still crawling its way out of an economic disaster thanks to the voracious Wall Street elites, while bombings and killings have become virtually daily routines in Iraq years after Washington claimed it has liberated its people from tyrannical rule.

      Most recently, the cyclical stagnation in Washington for a viable bipartisan solution over a federal budget and an approval for raising debt ceiling has again left many nations' tremendous dollar assets in jeopardy and the international community highly agonized.

      Such alarming days when the destinies of others are in the hands of a hypocritical nation have to be terminated, and a new world order should be put in place, according to which all nations, big or small, poor or rich, can have their key interests respected and protected on an equal footing.

      To that end, several corner stones should be laid to underpin a de-Americanized world.

      For starters, all nations need to hew to the basic principles of the international law, including respect for sovereignty, and keeping hands off domestic affairs of others.

      Furthermore, the authority of the United Nations in handling global hotspot issues has to be recognized. That means no one has the right to wage any form of military action against others without a UN mandate.

      Apart from that, the world's financial system also has to embrace some substantial reforms.

      The developing and emerging market economies need to have more say in major international financial institutions including the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, so that they could better reflect the transformations of the global economic and political landscape.

      What may also be included as a key part of an effective reform is the introduction of a new international reserve currency that is to be created to replace the dominant U.S. dollar, so that the international community could permanently stay away from the spillover of the intensifying domestic political turmoil in the United States.

      Of course, the purpose of promoting these changes is not to completely toss the United States aside, which is also impossible. Rather, it is to encourage Washington to play a much more constructive role in addressing global affairs.

      And among all options, it is suggested that the beltway politicians first begin with ending the pernicious impasse.

      http://www.guancha.cn/XinHuaShe/2013_10_16_178931_s.shtml

      2013/10/16 18:47:55

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