首先, 我先声明一下本人所述内容不代表美国政府官方立场, 仅代表本人个人看法, 同时我对大家对刘的讨伐声不表示赞同也不表示反对. 所有法律条文引述均来源于美国政府及学术机构官方网站且均可公开查询, 在这里我个人对"某个人"的无知深表遗憾, 本回应仅依照本人个人在美从军经验来看, 我也尽量做到客观评判.

[专业词汇解释]

UCMJ: Uniform Code of Military Justice, 美国军事审判统一法典(俗称美国军法, 适用于美国现役,预备役及美国国防军等)

美国州法: 州法只的是州一层面所通过的法律, 该法律只适用州以下的级别(郡,市,等), 当州法与联邦法相抵触时, 依照联邦法为准.

美国联邦法: 联邦法是仅次于美国宪法的第二高法律, 依照美国宪法中规定, 联邦法适用于所有"美国公民及移民".

[原文引述]

文学城:你看到柯、房被拘的新闻,是什么想法让你发这条微博的?

小刘(下称刘):首先我想声明一下:我的私人微博账号带着个人职位认证,不是美国政府机官博,我发表个人观点,没要代表美国官方意见, 也代表不了。还有说我假冒军衔的:微博黄V是职位认证,军需官来自于上传新浪的英文证明文件里quartermaster翻译而来,是职位名称,跟军衔毫不相关。

www.wenxuecity.com/news/2014/08/23/3539832.html

[回应]

刘首先说道不是美国政府机官博, 我个人认为如果一个人整个相册里满是军方制服的照片, 请问是否会误导大众认为这个是官方微博? 其次是新浪的英文证明文件, 我想知道新浪是否能公布一下证明文件? 如果是美国官方出的证明文件, 在这里暂不考虑中国是不是美国的敌人, 在没有军方授权的情况下, 擅自将军事文件给"非盟友国家"看是否已经违反了UCMJ? 我在这里直接引述UCMJ的相关条文, 刘是否违反了美国军法也请大家自己分析.

Any person subject to this chapter who uses provoking or reproachful words or gestures towards any other person subject to this chapter shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.

10 U.S. Code § 904 - Art. 104. Aiding the enemy

Any person who—

(1) aids, or attempts to aid, the enemy with arms, ammunition, supplies, money, or other things; or

(2) without proper authority, knowingly harbors or protects or gives intelligence to, or communicates or corresponds with or holds any intercourse with the enemy, either directly or indirectly;

shall suffer death or such other punishment as a court-martial or military commission may direct. This section does not apply to a military commission established under chapter 47A of this title.

http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/10/subtitle-A/part-II/chapter-47

[原文引述]

我的第一条微博只是想表达我对网民都不知道大麻实际是什么就将其跟其他毒品混为一谈的不满。我之前在华盛顿州生活了不少年。美国的社会各界,尤其是华盛顿州,对大麻都是很包容的态度,我就觉得:哇,为什么国内要把这两个人整得那么惨,然后粉丝也去骂。于是我就在自己的微博上发了一张我原来在华盛顿州和我表弟抽烟的照片。但国内的多数人也不知道大麻长什么样,我抽根烟斗,他们都觉得是大麻。我也没想要引起关注。但我很支持华盛顿州法律对大麻的包容。人民可以投票,经过对大麻的认识,他们可以投票选择自己的州能不能够合法使用大麻。华盛顿州的法律开明态度和国内的这种一副毫不商量的嘴脸形成了鲜明的反差,然后我就以戏谑的口吻发了那条微博,表达我对国内的打压和舆论导向的不满。

http://www.wenxuecity.com/news/2014/08/23/3539832.html

[回应]

从美国国会对"吸食非医用处方大麻是否合法"的审议结果来看, 大麻合法化并未通过联邦一级的认可. 也就是说当州法与联邦法相抵触时, 依照美国宪法中规定, 联邦法高于州法. 警察仍然可以依照联邦法抓人或判刑. 下面我引述下美国白宫对美国华盛顿州所谓的大麻合法化给出的官方回复.

* Maryland's law allows for medical marijuana use as a legal defense in court.

Possession of more than one ounce of marijuana and public consumption for medical reasons is still illegal.

In 2012, voters in Colorado and Washington state also passed initiatives legalizing marijuana for adults 21 and older under state law. It is important to note that Congress has determined that marijuana is a dangerous drug and that the illegal distribution and sale of marijuana is a serious crime. The Department of Justice (DOJ) is committed to enforcing the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) consistent with these determinations. On August 29, 2013, DOJ issued guidance to Federal prosecutors concerning marijuana enforcement under the CSA. The Department’s guidance is available on the DOJ Web site, and provides further detail.

http://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp/state-laws-related-to-marijuana]http://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp/state-laws-related-to-marijuana[/url]

[补充材料]

依据2012年美国陆军官方原引UCMJ所下发的关于对社交媒体惩处条例中所述, 我个人认为可以看出美国陆军官方对现役军人所使用社会媒体持保守态度, 并且从未放纵过.

FORT BENNING, Ga. (Feb. 9, 2012) -- Soldiers who use social media must abide by the terms outlined in the Uniform Code of Military Justice.

"Commenting, posting or linking to material that violates the UCMJ or basic rules of Soldier conduct is prohibited," said Staff Sgt. Dale Sweetnam of the Online and Social Media Division, Office of the Chief of Public Affairs. "Talking negatively about supervisors or releasing sensitive information is punishable under the UCMJ. It's never appropriate to be disrespectful of superior officers or NCOs (noncommissioned officers), no matter if you're in the company area or posting to Facebook at your desk at home."...

Social media misuse punishable under UCMJ

http://www.army.mil/article/73367/Social_media_misuse_punishable_under_UCMJ/

[其它回应]

我个人认为刘的说辞只能说是对突入袭来的声讨的一种应急预案. 其中漏洞百出, 我也不便继续评论什么, 我个人有理由相信他被美国军方带走只是个时间上的问题.

[ 转自铁血社区 http://bbs.tiexue.net/ ]