国外网民:中国稀土出口败诉-WTO强奸了签署国的资源

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导读:GENEVA (Reuters) - China lost an appeal atthe World Trade Organization in a case brought by the United States, theEuropean Union and Japan to challenge China's restrictions on exports of rareearths, according to a WTO Appellate Body ruling published
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China loses appeal of WTO ruling on exportsof rare earths


中国稀土出口败诉

GENEVA (Reuters) - China lost an appeal atthe World Trade Organization in a case brought by the United States, theEuropean Union and Japan to challenge China's restrictions on exports of rareearths, according to a WTO Appellate Body ruling published on Thursday.

日内瓦(路透社)——WTO上诉机构周四的裁决表明中国在WTO的上诉失败,该案件由美国,欧盟和日本发起以挑战中国对稀土出口的限制。

China produces more than 90 percent of theworld's rare earths, which are key elements in defense industry components andmodern technology from iPhones and disk drives to wind turbines. It imposedstrict export quotas in 2010, saying it was trying to curtail pollution andpreserve resources.

中国稀土产量占全世界产量的90%还多,稀土对国防工业和现代技术来说是非常重要的材料,从苹果手机、磁盘驱动器到风力涡轮机。中国于2010年采取了严格的稀土出口配额限制,中国方面称这是为了控制污染和节约资源。

Prices soared by hundreds of percent, andthe United States, European Union and Japan complained that the restrictionsgave Chinese companies a competitive edge in products like hybrid carbatteries, wind turbines and energy-efficient lighting.

价格翻了好几番,美国,欧盟和日本抱怨说这一限制使得中国公司在混合动力车电池、风力涡轮机和节能照明设备上拥有竞争优势。

China's defeat at the WTO was widelyexpected after it lost a similar case over exports of other commodities. Itwill now be obliged to cancel its export quotas to abide by the WTO ruling.

之前,中国在其他产品的出口问题上也败诉过,所以这次在WTO的败诉在人们的预期之中。所以中国将有义务根据WTO的这项判决取消稀土的出口配额。

China had argued that limits on exports ofrare earths, as well as the metals tungsten and molybdenum, were needed toprevent over-mining and defended its policy as an essential part of China'ssustainable development.

中国方面声称对稀土以及金属钨和钼的出口限制是为了防止过度开采,并且声称该政策是中国可持续发展的重要组成部分。

"China will carefully assess thisruling, continue to improve its management on resource-consuming products in aWTO-consistent manner, facilitate the protection of natural resources, andmaintain fair competition with the objective of achieving sustainabledevelopment," China's Ministry of Commerce said in a statement.

中国商务部在一份声明中说道:“中国会仔细的评估这项裁决,并根据WTO规则继续提高对资源消耗型产品的管理,促进对自然资源的保护,并以可持续发展为目标继续维持公平竞争的环境。”

评论翻译:

John 5 hours ago 0 14 How is this restriction different from thediamond cartel restrictions on raw gem availability and sales?

中国对稀土出口的限制与钻石卡特尔对钻石可得性和销售的限制有何差别吗?

VinceL 46 minutes ago 0 2 United States restricted the export ofNatural gas (export quota) to other countries, so china will "mine therare earth materials" at their own pace, without any export quota. justlimiting supply at their own will.

美国也以出口配额的方式限制了本国天然气的出口,所以即使出口配额被废除了,中国也可以以自己的速度来开采这些稀土资源。他们肯定会根据自己的意愿来限制供应的。

Clive 5 minutes ago 0 0 DO US, JAPAN and EU have any restricted exportsand how are those chosen.

When the US will not allow the export of TITANIUM shavings or ingots does thisgive the US an unfair advantage in building explosion resistant war platforms?

Does the US not restrict the export of WAR MATERIEL and doesn't this give theUS an unfair advantage on the world market and in the war theatre?

Clive Ocnacuwenga

美国,日本和欧盟有进行出口限制吗?都限制哪些产品出口?当美国禁止出口金属钛时,这给予美国制造抵抗爆炸的战争武器的非正当优势了吗?美国不也限制战争材料的出口了吗,这不也使得美国在世界市场和战争中获得了非正当优势了吗?

Mac B 2 hours ago 0 4 The second opium war begins by force Chinato trade rear earth?

通过强迫中国进行稀土交易从而引发了第二次鸦片战争?

Yanni 7 minutes ago 0 0 And the USA also lost on the solar tariff,with the WTO and has refused to lift the tarriff, which means that the RareEarth ruling is a paper tigers, and China really does not have to abide by theruling.

在太阳能关税问题上,美国同样也在WTO的裁决上败诉了,但是拒绝取消关税,这意味着稀土裁决也可以是一只纸老虎,所以中国不是非得履行这个裁决。

Jessie 16 minutes ago 0 0 WTO treaty seems to permit the involuntaryrape of resources from signatories.

Can China sue to force oil exports from the USA, banned since the '70s?

WTO的条款似乎在不自觉间强奸了签署国的资源。中国可以发起诉讼要求美国放开其70年代就开始实施的石油出口限制吗?

Louis 28 minutes ago 0 1 "China produces more than 90 percentof the world's rare earths" --- so what's wrong with limiting supply andjacking up prices? China is just acting in their own best interest. Westerncountries need to find more supplies, and part of that process is lettingprices rise.

“中国稀土产量占世界产量的90%多。” 中国限制产量、提高价格的做法有什么错?中国这是在做最有益于自己的事情。西方国家可以去寻找其他的供应来源,并且在这个过程中让价格上涨。

Richard Liu 50 minutes ago 0 1 EU, USA, Japan want to buy rare earth cheapand Chinese businessman what to

sell and make money .. but China government has to worry about thecontamination / pollution.

China government and people is not more weak and foolish ..must fight back the

some certain evil capitalists

欧美日想买便宜的稀土,而中国商人又想靠卖稀土赚钱,但是中国政府要考虑到环境和污染问题。中国政府和人们不弱也不蠢,肯定要和某些邪恶的资本家做斗争。

Jhonn 1 minute ago 0 0 I started laughing out loud when i readprevention of "pollution" as one of their concerns for the export ofrare earths. lol yeah right, how about start with their factories.

当我看到中国禁止稀土出口的理由中包括保护环境时,我都笑了。是啊,何不先治理一下国内的工厂呢。

davidn 5 hours ago 1 17 Rare earths is only by name. It is notreally rare. U.S. has lots of rare earth like tungsten and molybdenum .. butdoes not mine it. U.S. should mine it to give Americans more jobs.

稀土只是这些矿产的名称,但其实并不稀有。美国有很多稀土,比如钨和钼,但美国并没有开采。美国应该进行开采,这样才能创造更多就业机会。

Tom 5 hours ago 1 14 Maybe we should have used the priceincrease to restart rare earth mining and processing here. The US has as much ofthis stuff as China does.

或许我们应该利用价格上涨的机会在美国本土开采和加工这些稀土。美国的稀土资源和中国一样多。

Edward T 56 minutes ago 1 1 I am sure the reason China produces 90% ofthe rare earth is because other counties have tough environmental requirementsand stiff mining taxes, why is China's authorities so dumb not to assesspollution taxes/penalties on the rare earth?

我可以肯定的是,中国稀土产量之所以达到世界的90%是因为其他国家实行了严格的环境监管并且对矿产开采实行高税收。为什么中国政府不对稀土开采征收污染税和罚款?太傻了吧。

Gary 1 hour ago 1 2 China should counter that USA does notallow OIL (a commodity) to be transported beyond our borders. If WTI issubstantially cheaper than Brent then USA has an unfair advantage in Chemicaland Industrial production.

中国应该回应说美国也不允许将石油出口。如果西德州中级原油比北海布伦特原油便宜很多,那么也可以说美国在化学和工业生产上具有不正当的竞争优势。

Thinking Person 5 hours ago 1 6 Doesn't the US has it's own limits to theoil and natural gas exports?

美国自己不也限制石油和天然气出口了吗?

Alexander 2 hours ago 1 3 China should just say #$%$. I mean what isthe EU and US going to do, not buy all of their goods that are made in Chinesefactories?

中国应该说去死吧。我的意思是美欧能怎么办,不买中国工厂制造的产品吗?


John Kiger 9 hours ago china and most people dont understand freetrade . free trade is who ever pays the most gets the stuff while the othersget scraps intil they pay more than others ! its all for bussines profits

中国以及大多数人都不能理解自由贸易的含义。自由贸易就是出价最高者购得产品,而其他人得到的只能是残羹冷炙,除非他们能支付得起高于他人的价格!一切都是为了盈利

Hello 7 hours ago Gee, you figured that out all by yourselfSherlock???

哎呀,这些都是你自己想出来的吗。神探???

Jim 6 hours ago The environmental extremists kicked outmost of American rare earth mining companies caused them to be out of business.That's too damn bad.

那些环境保护极端分子将大部分美国稀土公司铲除,使这些公司都破产了。太糟了。

h 6 hours ago Yes ,American should dig those their selfin the state .

是的,美国应该在国内开采这些资源。

lavu 6 hours ago only owner has the right to decide if hewant to sell or not; group of WTO crooks cannot dictate owners what to do withtheir own assets....

只有卖方才有权利决定是否要将产品出售;WTO无赖不可以命令卖方如何支配自己的资产。。。。

Tassix 6 hours ago Well the owner doesn't have the right ifthe Chinese government is putting an export ban on it.

呃,但是如果中国政府施加了出口限制的话,那这个卖方就没有支配权了。

Ryan 3 hours ago Free trade allows the owner to decide whatand how much to sell.

自由贸易使得卖方有决定交易的产品类型和数量的权利。

Jim 7 hours ago The WTO should also make a ruling on exportof illegal aliens.

Mexicohas been doing that for years.

WTO也应当制定出口非法移民的规则。墨西哥已经贯彻这样的规则长达数年之久了。

RustyDog 6 hours ago The rest of the world better start lookingfor a new supply as the Chinese will screw us over every chance they get.

世界的其他国家最好好事开始寻找新的供应来源吧,中国会抓住一切机会压榨我们的。

dean 6 hours ago can Chinahave WTO to tell USAcan't restrict military gears export to them?

中国能让WTO告诉美国说他们不可以限制出口给美国的军事设备吗?

MoreFlowers 6 hours ago Greed fueled this, nothing more. I mean, Chinais the most polluted and corrupt place on earth.

这都是由贪婪煽动的,仅此而已。我想说的是,中国式地球上污染最严重、最腐败的地方。

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