Chinese tourists abandon Vietnam after oil rig row
Tourists tour downtown Hanoi on July 16,2014 (AFP Photo/Hoang Dinh Nam)
2014年7月16日，游客游览河内市区（图片来源：法新社/ Hoang Dinh Nam）
For years Nguyen Huu Son has guided Chinese tourists aroundVietnam's popular coastal city Danang, but a bitter maritime dispute betweenHanoi and Beijing means he is now out of work.
多年来，Nguyen Huu Son（人名）引导中国游客游览了越南著名的海滨城市岘港，但现在河内和北京之间激烈的海事纠纷会使他丢掉饭碗。
Relations between thecommunist neighbours plunged to their lowest point in decades when Beijingmoved a deep-sea oil rig into disputed waters in the South China Sea in earlyMay, triggering deadly riots in Vietnam.
The rig has since beenwithdrawn. But the Chinese tourists have not returned.
"It's never beenthis bad before... My company has almost no customers, no work," Son toldAFP.
Son's salary has beencut by two-thirds, but he feels "embarrassed" to take even thisreduced pay package as he knows his company is not making any money at all.
"We focus onindividual travellers, not tour groups, and 100 percent of them cancelled... Ihave nothing to do with my time," he said, adding that he was mulling achange of career.
A group of Taiwanese tourists get off twoelectrical cars in Hanoi downtown on July 16, 2014 (AFP Photo/Hoang Dinh Nam)
2014年7月16日，一群台湾游客从两辆电动车上下车（图片来源：法新社/Hoang Dinh Nam）
After the mid-May riots, in which China says four of itsnationals were killed, Beijing evacuated thousands of citizens and issued a"yellow" travel warning for Vietnam.
While this wasreasonable in the immediate aftermath of the riots -- which mostly affectedTaiwanese and South Korean businesses -- maintaining the yiqing001.com travel warning whenany danger to tourists has passed smacks of politics, said Professor JonathanLondon at City University of Hong Kong.
"It reminds oneof Beijing's campaign to reduce mainland tourism to the Philippines,"London said, referring the economic fallout from the 2012 standoff over theScarborough Shoal.
After a dispute overthe uninhabited shoal, Beijing warned its citizens about travel safety in thePhilippines, prompting mass cancellations.
Tourists bargain with local cyclo driversin downtown Hanoi on July 16, 2014 (AFP Photo/Hoang Dinh Nam)
2014年7月16日河内市区，游客与当地司机讨价还价（图片来源：法新社/ Hoang Dinh Nam）
- Economic impact –
- 经济影响 –
Chinese tourist arrivals to Vietnam were down 29.5 percentin June from the previous month, according to official figures.
In June, 136,726Chinese visited Vietnam, down from 194,018 in May and 216,659 in April thisyear, the figures show.
Vietnam will continuetourism promotion efforts in China, aiming to show "Vietnam is a safedestination," said Nguyen Manh Cuong, an official at the tourismdepartment.
旅游局官员Nguyen Manh Cuong说，越南将继续在中国旅游推介，以显示
Tourism is animportant source of revenue for communist Vietnam, contributing nearly sixpercent of the country's gross domestic product in 2013, official statisticsshow.
Chinese visitors makeup the largest single group of arrivals -- more than 1.1 million in 2014overall, despite the sharp fall off after May.
Tourists tour downtown Hanoi on July 16,2014 (AFP Photo/Hoang Dinh Nam)
2014年7月16日，游客游览河内市区（图片来源：法新社/oang Dinh Nam）
The next largest group, South Korea, saw 405,634 arrivals.
The average Chinesevisitor stays five days and spends $300 if they travel by land, or $700 if theyhave arrived by airplane, Cuong said.
This compares to anaverage stay of about 10 days by European or American tourists, who spend up to$3,000 during that period, official figures show.
- Tourism politics –
- 旅游政治 -
The fall in Chinese arrivals after the maritime disputeerupted is understandable as Beijing uses outbound tourism as a "negativesanction", according to Tony Tse, a professor at the school of hotel andtourism management at Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
"Outbound tourismcan be used by the Chinese government to show its aggression," he said ina 2013 paper, citing the examples of the Philippines and Japan -- where tourismwas hard hit after a 2012 dispute with the latter over the Senkaku islands,known as the Diaoyu in China.
"The hostility inwithholding tourism acts like a punishment and China is powerful enough toexercise this kind of sanction," Tse wrote in the paper on how China usesoutbound tourism as a form of diplomacy.
Vietnamese touristshave also been cancelling trips to China in droves, although the government hasnot issued any travel warning, said one travel agent who declined to be named.
"It's a way toexpress patriotism. Vietnamese like travelling in China... but now they cancelto show their patriotism," he said.
Tran Thi Lan, 54, aprimary school teacher from central Nghe An province, had booked a trip toChina for this summer which she was "very excited" about.
54岁的义安省小学教师Tran Thi Lan已经制定了夏天去中国旅游的计划，她“非常兴奋”
"We decided tocancel, not the tour operator. The Chinese government's behaviour wasunacceptable," she told AFP.
Tran Thi Lan告诉法新社，“我们决定取消这个计划，不是因为旅游经营者的要求，是因为接受不了中国政府的行为。”
"We decided notto go to show our attitude... We don't want to go on holiday to a country thatis invading our waters," she said.
RealNews 39 minutes ago
Never trust Chinese military or its people. Chinese military is a bullyand is constantly seeking to steal land and resources from its neighbor.Chinese business steals intellectual property, pirate copy movies, video gamesand software. Chinese business commit industrial espionage and its militarycommits military espionage. Chinese business put profits above safety bytainting baby milk, stuff card board fillers into beef, and manufacturesubstandard parts. Chinese people are selfish. They are ravenous people whowill eat and take everything near them. They don't care if what they eat becomeextinct. For example shark fin soup or tiger parts for false vitality. Look atthe smog in Beijing. They all want to drive cars and don't care about theemission from their cars and as a result they are choking in smog in Beijing.Chinese prefer boys over girls so they kill girls. When their precious boysbecome adult they have no women to marry due to having more boys than girls inthe population. Since money is fueling the Chinese aggression, avoid anythingfrom China.
nhk200402 57 minutes ago
OH, let me steal your oil or I will not travel to your country. Where isthe sense in that? It is not a problem if Chinese tourists don't come toVietnam any way. They have a lot of European and American tourists over there.
LittleCutie9 38 minutes ago
I worked 11 different countries.
I stayed VN and motorbike popular there. Vietnam have large diversity oftourists
Thomas Dean 4 hours ago
Vietnam is a good place to travel. Good food, cheap, safe and friendlypeople. For the same budget that last you for 1 week in Europe, it could makeyou live comfortable in Vietnam for 4 weeks. There are plenty of beautifulbeaches, and vacation resorts.
hf_cyclical 15 hours ago
Hopefully this will be a lesson to Vietnam not to rely on China ineverything. Vietnam should have known this would have happened eventually. Itshistory is filled with conflicts with China, especially now that China is anemerging superpower. Vietnam needs to focus on tourists from other countriesinstead like South Korea, Japan, etc.. It can be done since both Japan and thePhilippines already did this.
Ford 6 hours ago
Chinese need to educate themselves better cause I saw them everywhere inthe U.S now and they spit,littering or cut line in public place like Disneylandor restaurants,all countries welcome tourist but still nobody want this type ofpeoples around.Im not racist or anything but I just don't want to see thispicture around
Don 4 hours ago
I am so glad that the Chinese tourists don't come to Vietnam. They justdestroyed everywhere they come. They are stinky race, noisy, nasty, spitanywhere they can. I was in Danang for 1 week and to my fortune since no Chinearound I was able to enjoy my vacation with very cheap sea foods. Without theChinese the cost of living is now more decent! Thanks ...
Baywatcher 5 hours ago
Good, I don't want to see red Chinese people in Vietnam. We welcomeTaiwanese people but not red Chinese people.