南斯拉夫人民军对T-54坦克的测试报告

苏维埃第四国际 收藏 4 8663
导读:To start with T-54: 75mm M40 PaK40 firing AP, HVAP and HEAT 德国PaK-40型75mm反坦克炮对T-54的射击测试。弹种包括穿甲弹、次口径高速穿甲弹和破甲弹 Fails to penetrate glacis with any kind of ammo even @100m.——即使是100m处也无法击穿正面装甲 Fails to penetrate front turret with any kind of amm even @

To start with T-54:

75mm M40 PaK40 firing AP, HVAP and HEAT 德国PaK-40型75mm反坦克炮对T-54的射击测试。弹种包括穿甲弹、次口径高速穿甲弹和破甲弹

Fails to penetrate glacis with any kind of ammo even @100m.——即使是100m处也无法击穿正面装甲

Fails to penetrate front turret with any kind of amm even @ 100m.——即使是100m处也无法击穿炮塔正面装甲

M39 (PzGr.39?) APC penetrates side hull @ 1000m.*——M39型被帽穿甲弹(德军并没有这种炮弹,应为PzGr.39型)能在1000m处击穿车体侧面

M40 (PzGr.40?) subcalibre penetrates hull @ 1000m.*——M40型次口径高速穿甲弹(德军并没有这种炮弹,应为PzGr.40型)能在1000m处击穿车体侧面

M38B (Hl.38/B?) HEAT failed to penetrate side hull.——M38B型破甲弹(德军并没有这种炮弹,应为Hl.38/B型)无法击穿车体侧面

Fails to penetrate frontal part of side turret with any kind off ammo.——所有弹药都无法击穿炮塔前侧面

M40 subcalibre penetrates rear part of the side turret @ 300m.——M40型HVAP能在300m处击穿炮塔侧后部

M39 APC and M38/C HEAT rear part of side turret.——应为M39型APC和M38/C型HEAT都无法击穿炮塔侧后部

Conclusion - 75mm M40 ATG is obsolute when used vs newest foreing tanks - to be witdrawn to reserve use. Gunners should be instructed to aim for side hull at close ranges.

结论:75mm M40型反坦克炮应对新的外国坦克时已经过时,应该封存。应该教导炮手在近距离攻击对手的车体侧面

85mm ZiS-S-53 (from T-34/85) firing AP, HVAP and HEAT T-34/85坦克上的Zis-S-53型85mm反坦克炮对T-54的射击测试,使用弹种包括穿甲弹、次口径高速穿甲弹和破甲弹

Fails to penetrate glacis with any kind of amm even @ 100m.——即使是100m处也无法击穿首上倾斜装甲

Fails to penetrate turret front with any kind of ammo even @ 100m.——即使是100m处也无法击穿炮塔正面装甲

BR-365 AP penetrates side hull @ 1000m.*——BR-365型穿甲弹能在1000m处击穿车体侧面

BR-365P subcaliber penetrates side hull @ 1000m.*——BR-365P型次口径高速穿甲弹能在1000m处击穿车体侧面

Fails to penetrate frontal part of side turret with any kind off ammo.——所有弹药都无法击穿炮塔前侧面

BR-365P subcalibre penetrates rear part of the side turret @ 350m.——BR-365P型次口径高速穿甲弹能在350m处击穿炮塔侧后部

BR-365 AP penetrates rear part of side turret @ 150m——BR-365型高速穿甲弹能在150m处击穿炮塔侧后部

Conclusion - 85mm tank gun with ammo in use can not fight efectively vs new foreing tanks. New ammo developement is recomended.**

结论:85mm坦克炮不能有效与新式外国坦克对抗。推荐发展新的弹药

*It apears that a gun was not tested at distances greater then 1000m.

**Later (in 1963.) newer BR-367 AP, BR-367P HVAP and BK-367 HEAT were tested but I have no info about those tests.

此处显示没有一门炮是在超过1000m的距离上进行射击实验的

之后的1963年,新式的BR-367 AP, BR-367P HVAP and BK-367 HEAT(注意这是367系列不是365系列)进行了测试但是原文作者没有相关资料

88mm PaK43 firing AP and HVAP 德国PaK43型88mm反坦克炮对T-54的射击测试,使用弹种:穿甲弹和次口径高速穿甲弹

Fails to penetrate glacis with any kind of ammo even @100m——即使是100m处也无法击穿首上倾斜装甲

M39 (PzGr.39?) AP penetrates front turret @600m.——PzGr.39型穿甲弹能在600m处击穿炮塔正面

M54 subcalibere (US 90mm HVAP fitted to 88mm) penetrates front turret @800m.——美国M54型90mm次口径高速穿甲弹能在800m处击穿炮塔正面

Both rounds penetrate side hull at any practical range——以上二者都能在任何正常交战距离内击穿车体侧面

M39 AP penetrates frontal part of the side turret @1250m.——PzGr.39型穿甲弹能在1250m处击穿炮塔前侧面

M54 subcaliber penetrates frontal part of the side turret @1750m.——M54型90mm次口径高速穿甲弹能在1750m处击穿炮塔侧面

Both rounds penetrate rear part of the side turret at any practical range.——以上二者都能在任何正常交战距离内击穿炮塔侧后

Conclusion - 88mm M41/43 is very efective vs new foreing tanks in ambush positions. It's efectivenes vs frontal aspect of the new foreing tanks is insuficient.

结论:PaK-41/43型88mm反坦克炮能够在伏击位置有效对抗外国新式坦克。但其有效性在正面对抗外国新式坦克时是不够的

90mm M3A1 (from M-36 TD) firing AP and HVAP M36坦克歼击车上的M3A1型坦克炮的测试,使用弹种:穿甲弹和高速穿甲弹

Fails to penetrate glacis with any kind of ammo even @100m——即使是100m处也无法击穿(首上?)倾斜装甲

T33 AP fails to penetrate frontal turret even @ 100m.——T33型穿甲弹即使是100m处也无法击穿炮塔正面装甲

M304 subcalibre penetrates frontal turret @ 600m.——M304型次口径高速穿甲弹能在600m处击穿炮塔正面

Both rounds penetrate side hull at any practical range.——以上二者都能在任何正常交战距离内击穿车体侧面

T33 AP penetrates frontal part of the side turret @250m.——T33型穿甲弹能在250m处击穿炮塔前侧侧面

M304 subcalibre subcaliber penetrates frontal part of the side turret @1500m.——M304型次口径高速穿甲弹能在1500m处击穿炮塔侧侧面

T33 AP penetrates rear part of the side turret @ 750m——T33型穿甲弹能在750m处击穿炮塔侧后

M304 subcalibre penetrates rear par of the side turret at any practical range.——M304型次口径高速穿甲弹能在任何正常交战距离内击穿炮塔侧后

Conclusion: SO-90 M-36 can ony be efectively used vs new foreing tanks from ambush at range less then 1500m, with subcalibre ammo.

Adition 1: Developement of HEAT ammo suitable to be fired from M3A1 gun mounted on SO-90 M-36 is recomended.

结论:所以M-36型90mm坦克炮仅能在低于1500m的距离内用次口径高速穿甲弹有效伏击外国新式坦克

注1:推荐发展供M-36型坦克歼击车上的M3A1坦克炮使用的新式破甲弹

90mm M36 gun from M-47 tank firing AP, HVAP and HEAT M-47型坦克上的M36型90mm反坦克炮的射击测试,使用弹种为普通穿甲弹,次口径高速穿甲弹和破甲弹

T-33 AP fails to penetrate glacis even @ 100m

M304 subcalibre fails to penetrate glacis even @ 100m

——以上两种炮弹即使是100m处也无法击穿首上装甲

M431 HEAT penetrates glacis, but fails to fuse if side angle is more then 20deg.

M431型破甲弹打穿了首上装甲,但无法再角度超过20°时烧穿装甲

T33AP penetrates front turret @ 350m——T33型穿甲弹能在350m处击穿炮塔正面装甲

M304 subcalibre penetrates front turret @ 750m——M304型次口径高速穿甲弹能在750m处击穿炮塔正面装甲

M431 HEAT penetrates front turret——M431型破甲弹能穿透炮塔正面装甲

T33AP penetrates frontal part of the side of the turret @ 850m——T33型穿甲弹能在850m处击穿炮塔前侧面

M304 subcalibre penetrates frontal part of the side turret at any practical range——M304型次口径高速穿甲弹能在任何正常交战距离内击穿炮塔侧面

M431 HEAT penetrates frontal part of the side turret——M431型破甲弹能穿透炮塔侧面

All round penetrate rear part of the side turret at any practical range.——以上三者都能在任何正常交战距离内击穿炮塔侧后

Conclusion:

Amount of M431 HEAT rounds in ammo load should be increased, and load of T33 AP be reduced.

Frontal engagement of the new foreing tanks is to be done only with M431 HEAT round.

Engagement from ambush position can be done with M304 subcalibre and M431 HEAT at any range and T33 AP at ranges less then 1000m.

Problem of M431 round failing to fuse at angles more then 60deg is to be fixed with production of domestic HEAT.

That round should be also capable of being fired from M3A1 gun mounted on SO-90 M-36. without sagnificent modifications to the gun or vehicle.

结论:

应该增加M431 HEAT在弹药携带量中的比重,减少T33弹

与外国新式坦克进行正面对战必须使用M431破甲弹

使用M304和M431可以在任何正常交战距离内进行伏击,T33则应该在1000m之内

M431无法再入射法线角超过60°时有效烧穿装甲是因为国内破甲弹的生产质量有问题

这一轮测试说明该炮能取代M-36坦克歼击车上的M3A1坦克炮

100mm D-10TG (from T-54A) firing BR-412B APBC, BK-5 and BK-5M HEAT T-54A上的D-10TG型100mm坦克炮的射击测试,使用弹种:BR-412B型裁头被帽穿甲弹,BK-5和BK-5M型破甲弹

BR-412B AP fails to penetrate front hull even @ 100m.——BR-412B型裁头被帽穿甲弹即使是100m处也无法击穿车体正面

BK-5 and BK-5M HEAT penetrate front hull.——BK-5和BK-5M型破甲弹能穿透车体正面

BR-412B AP penetrates front turret @500m.——BR-412B型裁头被帽穿甲弹能在500m处击穿炮塔正面

BK-5 and BK-5M HEAT penetrate front turret.——BK-5和BK-5M型破甲弹能穿透炮塔正面

All rounds penetrate side hull at any practical range.——以上三者都能在任何正常交战距离内击穿车体侧面

BR-412B AP penetrates frontal part of the side turret @1000m.——BR-412B型裁头被帽穿甲弹能在1000m处击穿炮塔前侧面

BK-5 and BK-5M HEAT penetrate frontal part of the side turret.——BK-5和BK-5M型破甲弹能穿透炮塔侧面

BR-412B AP penetrates rear part of the side turret at any practical range.——BR-412B型裁头被帽穿甲弹能在任何正常交战距离内击穿炮塔侧后

BK-5 and BK-5M HEAT penetrate rear part of the side turret.——BK-5和BK-5M型破甲弹能穿透炮塔侧后

Conclusion:

BK-5 and BK-5M HEAT is best anti-tank ammo available. With it T-54A tank can fight vs any modern tank from any angle. BR-412B AP is usefull only from ambush situations at ranges less then 1000m.

结论:

BK-5和BK-5M型破甲弹是所有的可用反坦克炮弹中最好的。使用这些弹药T-54A坦克能与任何新式坦克在任何角度。BR-412B型裁头被帽穿甲弹仅仅在1000m内的伏击战中是有用的

105mm M27A1 RCL

M52 HEAT* penetrates any aspect of T-54A tank, but fails to fuse if compaunded angle exceeds 60deg.——M52型破甲弹能在60°角以内穿透T-54A的任何装甲

Conclusion:

Standard AT-guns in AT-company of the infantry brigade should be replaced with 105mm M27A1 RCL, as it is much more efective vs new foreing tanks.

New domestic HEAT ammo should be developed that will reliably fuse at angles of mote then 60deg.

*This is a strange designation as I failed to find a US HEAT with such designation (and JNA always used US and UK original ammo designations), and that is definetly not domestic ammo...

结论:

有鉴于该炮在面对新式外国坦克时非常有用,步兵旅所属的反坦克连应该换装该炮

新型国产破甲弹要继续发展来努力克服入射法线角较大时无法穿透装甲的问题

M52HEAT并不是南斯拉夫国产弹,但在美国和英国的武器库中也找不到类似的弹种,原文作者对此感到很奇怪

105mm M2 FH firing M67 HEAT and experimental HESH round that will later become M69 HESH. 105mm M2 FH 发射M67型破甲弹和试验型碎甲弹(后来演变成M69)

M67 HEAT panetrates side hull.——M67型破甲弹能穿透车体侧面

M67 HEAT fails to penetrate any other aspect of T-54A tank.——M67型破甲弹能穿透车体侧面,但其他部位都无法有效穿透

HESH round produces sagnificent spalling that is enough to disable tank with any hit other then frontal turret. In case of frontal turret hits spalling is enough to disable crew but tank will remain operational.——碎甲弹能在大部分方向对坦克造成严重破坏,命中炮塔正面会杀伤坦克成员但不能破坏坦克

Conclusion:

All M67 HEAT ammo for 105mm howitzers is to be changed for HESH ammo on 1-1 basis.——所有榴弹炮的105mm破甲弹都应该换成碎甲弹

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