2012年03月07日 ⁄ 印度人看中国 ⁄ 评论数 70 ⁄ 被围观 241,971+

印度Rediff网发表了T N Ninan撰写的一篇文章,称印度一小群人在讨论印度落后中国多少,得出来的结果是10年至25年以上。作者从GDP、识字率、预期寿命、出口、基础设施等方面,对中国和印度进行了比较。文章最后得出结论:停止将两国相提并论,抛弃“中印”说法。那么印度人如何看中印差距呢?让我们看看印度网民的评论。

The debate in a small group earlier this week was about how far India is behind China. The quick numbers tossed out varied all the way from 10 to 25 years and more.

Figuring out the gap between the two "rising giants of Asia" is in fact an instructive study.

For instance, China's GDP in 2011 was $6.99 trillion, or nearly four times India's $1.84 trillion.

If the Indian economy were to grow at an annual average of 7.8 per cent (the rate for the past decade), it would take 18 years to get to China's current size. If growth were to accelerate to nine per cent, it would still take 15 years.

Could India have avoided falling so far behind China?

After all, when China began its Four Modernisations in 1978, the two economies were of roughly the same size ($145-148 billion).

Even in 1991, when India began its reforms, China's economy was only 40 per cent bigger than India's $268 billion.

The answer is that, in many ways, India in 1991 was already two decades and more behind China on key indicators, and it has not closed the gap.










For instance, China's literacy rate in 1991 was 78 per cent, whereas India's was just 52 per cent.

Even today, India's literacy rate, at 74 per cent, is short of where China's was in 1991; meanwhile, China has moved ahead to 94 per cent literacy.

Ditto with life expectancy; China's in 1991 was 70 years.

Twenty years later, India had a tally of only 64 years. Of course, China's life expectancy has improved slowly in the last two decades, and is at 73; still, it will take India two decades and more to get to that figure.

Some seemingly large gaps might be closed more quickly. Thus, China's goods exports are about six times India's.

However, India's exports have multiplied nearly seven-fold in the last decade (from $43.8 billion to an expected $300 billion this year), so it could conceivably replicate China's current export figure in less than 10 years.

No such hope can be applied to industry, where too China's is more than six times India's.









Move to research, and China has a citation index that is twice as good as India's.

In the space programme, China sent its first man into space in 2003; India hopes to do it in 2015, but is likely to take longer.

As for infrastructure, China has more than 30,000 km of expressways on which traffic speeds go up to 120 kmph; India has a few hundred kilometres.

China has a whole inter-city network of high-speed trains, five times as many Internet users, and nearly a million MW of power generation capacity.

India has only fractionally increased its train speeds since the first Rajdhani Express of 1969, and even if the country doubles power generation capacity every decade, starting from 150,000 MW in 2010, it will take more than a quarter century to get to where China is today.







As for agriculture, China applies fully three times the fertiliser per arable hectare that India does.

The smallest gap is in the mobile phone population. And the largest gap perhaps in the quality of political leadership - China is able to produce a new crop of top-rung leaders every decade, in Beijing and in the provinces and large cities, whereas India's political parties offer little beyond an upper crust.

China's project execution is of course in a league of its own. As for sport, India got one gold medal in the last Olympics, China got 51.

The cold message to all Indians: stop talking of the two countries in the same breath, and dump the "Chindia" coinage.

For why does India not bracket itself with Iran, whose economic size in relation to India (1:4) is broadly the same as India's to China?







Reality is

by Amit (View MyPage) on Jan 29, 2012 01:50 PM

I happened to visit china ... and forget about being a decade or two behind china -- we are atleast 200 years behind them ... and by the time we reach their current level in next 200 years -- china will be 500 years ahead of us ... you just cant compare teh malls, infrasturcuture, roads, vehicles, tech savvy people.. though people have some issues ..


原创翻译:三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com

China and India

by kuldeep jain (View MyPage) on Jan 29, 2012 11:24 AM

I was lucky enough to see China and whatever you say it will take lot of time to India to match its strength.

Frinds if a country is supplying goods to whole WORLD then admit that it will have some thing which we dont have.

we import telecom , milatry ships , space technology , aircraft from abroad but never try to make them our own but China has this vision. we as IT supoer power work in top most companies of world but did we made any google or microsoft? ( china has his own searh engine Baidu)

and recently they launched their own GPS. they made their own aircraft, bullet train.

we think that every one has go a mobile phone and that is progress but China is putting his name as top most telecom technoloy supplier..

we should learn from them this things..



This is another problem with we indians

by Sigma Refrigeration (View MyPage) on Jan 28, 2012 12:07 PM

We usually miscalculate many such things.

India can be grouped with Pak, Bangla, Nepal , Srilanks, and the likes

It does not make a group with China

Considering the pace of growth parameters in India we are around 100 yrs behind what China is today.


Crappy Report

by blogger (View MyPage) on Jan 27, 2012 02:50 PM | Hide replies

China had never sent anybody to the space on its own spacecraft. Shenzhou-V is a scam, and they taped it in underwater environment.


This is selective comparison between India & China!

by Ravi (View MyPage) on Jan 26, 2012 12:40 PM

Then why China talks about US in the same brackets. The authors message to India applies to China too. Point is taken that India has a lot more to do to reach where China is today.



by Amarnath Acharya (View MyPage) on Jan 25, 2012 07:04 PM | Hide replies

China May be big, powerful, more developed but it will require India's support to be in that position as China markets its products here, They will progress so long as we buy their junk products, and we Indians buy their products from pencils to Refrigerators without thinking wnat will happen to Indian Products and Indian companies manufacturing them. We Indian finally blame Political system for evey thing and are not ready to take responsibility at individual capacity. Team team anna, Baba Ramdevs to preach people to stop buying cheap Chinese products


We should compare with Bangldesh & Pakistan

by reetam (View MyPage) on Jan 24, 2012 06:49 PM

India is far behind china atleas by 2o years or more. We can only comapre with Pakistan & Bangldesh.


how far really lag?

by big Joke (View MyPage) on Jan 24, 2012 05:54 PM

In terms of development infrust....and human index, I would say at least 50 years. In other words, if pause china now, it may take 50 years for India to catch. Say we just look at a China inner city (not coast cities), like:Chongging, do you really think India will/can build a city like this in 50 years?

Youtube yourslef: "bird's eye view chongqing"




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