《剑桥中国清代前中期史》如何评价康熙帝!

安亲王岳乐 收藏 71 4391
导读:第三章 康熙统治时期 Hsüan-yeh, born in 1654, reigned from 1661 to 1722 as the K’ang-hsi Emperor. He was one of China’s greatest rulers, and his reign was not only the longest but also one of the most vibrant and complex in the history of imperial China.

第三章 康熙统治时期


Hsüan-yeh, born in 1654, reigned from 1661 to 1722 as the K’ang-hsi

Emperor. He was one of China’s greatest rulers, and his reign was not only

the longest but also one of the most vibrant and complex in the history of

imperial China.Though he could be callous or negligent at times, and made

errors of judgment, he possessed a self-analytical acuity and a sense of imperial

mission that mark him as one of those rare individuals who, by acts

of will, change the course of human history.It has not escaped the notice of

numerous historians – Chinese, Japanese, and Western – that his reign coincided

chronologically with those of Tsar Peter the Great in Russia and King

Louis XIV in France, and that the three shared certain common characteristics

that marked perhaps the apogee of traditional kingship in pre-industrial

societies.1(120页)(西方史家对于康熙的评价)


玄烨,生于1654年,其在位时间为1661年到1722年。他是中华帝国历史上最伟大的统治者之一,他

的统治时间不仅仅是最长的,而且也是最具有活力的,在中华帝国的历史上更是最复杂的。也许同时

他是冷酷而且粗心大意的,在判断的时候会犯错误,但是他却拥有敏锐的自我分析能力以及

对帝国的使命感,这都标志着他是少有的可以随心所欲的改变人类历史进程的人!而且被众多

历史学家(包括中国,日本和西方的史家)所注意的是,康熙的统治可与俄国的彼得大帝以及

法国路易十四相媲美,而他们三人的共同特点标志着前工业时代,传统君主王权的最高阶段。





Nevertheless, the K’ang-hsi Emperor acted decisively in

so many matters, and took so great an interest in affairs of governance and

of culture, that his actions and his personality serve as a valid entry point for

comprehending the myriad elements that led to the consolidation of Ch’ing

rule.2


而且,康熙在很多事上,行事果断,对于统治和文化做出了许多有益的事,而他的人品与品格

则成为理解导致清朝秩序巩固的众多因素的入口点!




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