据阿拉伯新闻网3月6日报道,利比亚东部拜尔盖地区(旧称“昔兰尼加”)当天召开会议,宣布将在拜尔盖地区实行联邦自治。此举遭到不少利比亚人的反对,首都的黎波里以及第二大城市班加西等地都爆发了规模不等的抗议,抗议拜尔盖的“自治”要求,抗议者认为所谓“自治”,其实质就是“独立”,这会“使利比亚倒退50年以上”。


当天会议结束后发布的公报说,利比亚“国家过渡委员会”委员艾哈迈德·祖贝尔·塞努西被任命为自治政府主席。今后两周内将举行选举,选出自治政府成员。


拜尔盖地区范围包括从利比亚中部往东至埃及边境,南部至利比亚与乍得和苏丹交界处,班加西、贝达、图卜鲁格等城市均在这一地区。自治后的该地区将拥有独立的议会、警察部队和司法机构,但在外交和国防上仍听命于中央政府。


首先,拜尔盖地区提出要实现地区自治,决定由拜尔盖人自行规划当地的教育、住房等民生事业,中央政府则主要负责该地区安全与防卫。分析称,东部地区的自治无疑将会动摇利比亚中央政府,因为利比亚主要的石油蕴藏地都集中在东部,利比亚国有石油公司的总部和多数国外石油公司也都集中在东部地区。


其次,利比亚各地近日纷乱不止,各种枪杀、绑架等案件时有发生,中央政府对国内局势控制力低下。4日,首批在的黎波里接受新训练的国民军士兵毕业,“标志着革命者正形成体系,肩负起保卫国家的使命”。不过,当地舆论认为,国民军的组建并非一帆风顺,面对乱局,他们很难完成使命。


利比亚“过渡委”日前发表声明,谴责班加西市的一个大型英国士兵墓遭袭。此前有消息称,不明身份的利比亚团伙袭击了该墓地,旨在报复美国士兵不久前在阿富汗焚烧《古兰经》一事。


另据阿拉伯人在线网站报道,目前居住在卡扎菲家乡苏尔特的利比亚民众认为,中央政府已经遗忘了他们,这使他们处于恐慌之中。文章称,在推翻卡扎菲后,苏尔特遭受了巨大的破坏与劫掠,部分武装人员将对卡扎菲的仇恨发泄到苏尔特居民身上。其周边的米苏拉塔、班加西等城市与众多地方部落也对苏尔特人怀有敌意,苏尔特战后重建工作因此进展缓慢,民众苦不堪言。与此同时,在米苏拉塔,由“革命武装”转变而成的民兵组织根本不理会中央政府发出的指令,对前领导人卡扎菲的支持者们采取了残酷的报复措施。


此外,在利比亚的东南部省份,部落冲突也仍在继续,利比亚中央政权对于全境的控制力堪忧。阿拉伯媒体已经在发出思考的声音:利比亚会不会成为阿拉伯世界中“基地”组织政治化的样板?利比亚中央政府的时代是否行将结束?这个国家是否会滑向更大的深渊?

htt p://news.ifeng.com/mil/3/detail_2012_03/07/13020137_0.shtml

Libyan leader Mustafa Abdel Jalil charged on Tuesday that some Arab nations were supporting and financing sedition in eastern Libya, hours after tribal and militia leaders declared autonomy for the region.


“Some sister Arab nations unfortunately are supporting and financing this sedition that is happening in the east,” Abdel Jalil told reporters at a press conference in Tripoli, without naming names.


“Their fear made these sister nations unfortunately support this so that the revolution does not spread to their countries,” he said.


“What is happening today is the start of a conspiracy against the country ... This is a very dangerous matter that threatens national unity,” Abdel Jalil warned.






A self-declared congress representing Cyrenaica, the eastern half of Libya and home to most of its oil, said it was setting up a council which would administer the province’s affairs, in defiance of the central government in Tripoli.


The announcement raised fears the country may break up in the wake of Muammar Qaddafi’s downfall last autumn.


The conference in Benghazi, which was the cradle of an eight-month uprising against Qaddafi that ended in his capture and killing, also called for a return to federalism in Libya.


“The interim council of Cyrenaica was established under the leadership of Sheikh Ahmed Zubair al-Senussi to manage the region’s affairs and defend the rights of its population,” read a statement following the meeting.


The new body will work within the framework of Libya’s interim government, which it considers to be “the symbol of the country’s unity, and its legitimate representative in international forums,” the statement said.


Senussi, who was elected leader of the region, is a member of the ruling National Transitional Council.


“A federal system is the choice of the region” of Cyrenaica, which stretches from the central coastal city of Sirte to the Egyptian border in the east, the leaders said in their joint statement.


The proponents of autonomy say the move derives its legitimacy from the 1951 constitution, which was adopted under the monarchy of King Idris and which divided Libya into three states -- Cyrenaica, Tripolitania and Fezzan.


Senussi is a relative of the late king and was the longest-serving political prisoner during the Qaddafi regime.


“This conference resulted in the choice of a type of government that is suitable to the Libyan people, especially in the Cyrenaica region,” said Abu Bakr Bayira, who has been spearheading the movement.


Moves towards greater autonomy for Cyrenaica -- the birth-place of the anti-Qaddafi revolt -- may worry international oil companies operating in Libya because it raises the prospect of them having to re-negotiate their contracts with a new entity.


Advocates of federalism say it will prevent the east from being marginalized as was the case in the past, while opponents fear the initiative will split the country and stand in the way of reconciliation.


Several Libyan cities, including Benghazi, have witnessed rallies rejecting the federal system of government, with banners and slogans emphasizing national unity and state-building, and stressing that Tripoli is the only capital.


Senior officials in Tripoli, including Abdel Jalil and interim Prime Minister Abdel Rahim al-Kib, have flatly rejected the federalist project, promoting a program of decentralization instead.


On Monday, Abdel Jalil told AFP that calls for the implementation of a federal system did not represent a major source of concern to his government because “Libyans fought for a united Libya.”





‘No need for federalism’



During a program called “Meet the Minister,” broadcast on state TV, Kib flatly rejected calls to fashion Libya into a federation.


“We do not need federalism because we are heading towards decentralization and we don’t want to go back 50 years,” he said without elaborating.


His address came after the interim government held an emergency session on Sunday to discuss a bill proposing the principle of decentralization.


More than 50 local councils are reviewing the project, Abdel Jalil said.


Interim Interior Minister Fawzi Abdelali said the interim government saw “no reason” for federalism in Libya.


“We have no reason for federalism because Libya does not group different peoples or religions,” he said, adding that this type of government was not always successful.


http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2012/03/06/199028.html?PHPSESSID=uj1knp6df15qo03u8h7var2492

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