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原文标题：Chinese PLA marks 83rd anniversary
China's Peoples Liberation Army (PLA), the world's largest standing military with the total strength of over 2.3 million, celebrated its 83rd anniversary on Sunday, vowing to modernise itself and diversify its missions to face "cyber wars" and win regional conflicts.
The PLA, which is fast expanding with the world's second largest budget - only after the United States, will continue to enhance its capabilities and military readiness to safeguard sovereignty, security and development of the nation, Chinese Defence Minister Liang Guanglie said.
"We will continue to strengthen the PLA's capability to accomplish diversified military tasks, particularly for winning regional wars under informationised circumstances, to firmly safeguard national sovereignty, security and development," Liang said, addressing a reception held here to mark the 83rd anniversary of the founding of the PLA. He said China's core security interests will always guide the development of the Chinese army.
China wants merger of Taiwan with the mainland and considers Tibet as its inalienable part and these two issues form its main core interests. The country is believed to have mounted thousands of missiles pointing towards the US-backed Taiwan, despite efforts to build up a rapprochement between the two sides through trade and cultural pacts.
Also, the Chinese army -- which shares close strategic links with both Pakistani and North Korean militaries -- has a large presence in Tibet and Xinjiang to deal with the ethnic unrest in the provinces which came to the fore in 2008 and 2009 respectively.
In the Indian context, the PLA has gained significant tactical advantage by building up a vast amount of infrastructure up to the border of Arunachal Pradesh.
The PLA daily, its official organ, said in an editorial that "modernisation is the core of the construction of the PLA army... it should strengthen preparations for warfare and focus on boosting the core capacity of fighting regional battles under the information background."
It called for more efforts in promoting national defence and army building in order to deal with various security threats and asked the military to hold more exercises to train troops for actual combats.
The PLA, which considers Cyber Wars the most important in 20th century warfare, has opened its first cyber base to handle all types of cyber threats and "information based warfare." The centre marks the debut of a new force in China to tackle potential cyber threats and safeguard national security. The setup of the (cyber) base just means that our army is strengthening its capacity and is developing potential military officers to tackle information-based warfare," an army official said.
China, this year, increased its defence budget by 7.5 per cent to USD 77 billion. Last year, China had hiked the defence budget by 14.9 per cent.
Despite the modest increase this year, China would still continue to be the second largest spender on defence, next only to the US. It spends twice more than India. A number of foreign media reports in the recent months said the official announcement reducing the increase of defence spending actually does not reflect the actual defence budget and that the actual expenditure could range from USD 140 to 150 billion, which China denies.
Decades of rapid growth made the Chinese People's Liberation Army the largest standing army in the world with more than 2.3 million men. Its Navy has about 255,000 workers and its Air Force about four lakh men and officers.
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