美国网站上看到一篇文章,觉得挺好,转发过来与军迷分享,水平有限错误之处欢迎批评。


2010,7,2:在过去的20多年里,中国自行设计生产了三种喷气式军用飞机。其中的两个歼10和jf-17(枭龙)引起了更多的关注。但是第三种JH-7(飞豹,歼轰7)是最成功的一种。官方说法是歼击轰炸机,28吨的JH-7实际上是一种轻型轰炸机经过20多年才设计完成。设计初衷是供空军和海军同时使用,而空军放弃了该项目,jh-7就为水面上作战进行了优化。因为它是轻型轰炸机又主要供海军使用,所以jh-7并没有引起西方媒体的注意。


Jh-7,乘员2人,装备了雷达,用于搜索其他飞机(75km)或海面舰艇(175km)。装备了一挺23毫米单管机炮(此处为原文错误应该是23毫米双管机炮),能够携带8吨弹药和导弹。第一架j-7s于90年代早期服役。最高时速1,800km作战半径1,700km。目前大约建造了100架,而且大部分都在海军服役,作为老旧的H-5(轰5)的替代战机。H-5,两台WP-5甲型涡喷发动机,机重21吨,可以携带3吨的弹药和导弹。乘员3人,最高时速900km作战半径大约800km。大约有12架的H-5s已经退役。


升级版样机,JH-7A,2004年出现。这一型号因装备了能够搜索地面目标的智能炸弹,满足了空军的要求。空军现已装备一些jh-7。在很多方面jh-7是成功的,作为一种轻型轰炸机,比其他两种更有助于喷气式战斗机的发展。


J-10是中国第一款自行设计的现代战机。该机是为了造出一个能与西方设计相媲美的现代歼击轰炸机。该机型并非完全成功。J-10的研发开始于20年前,目的是发展一款可以与米格29s,su-27s和美国f-16相当的飞机。但第一个样机直到1998年才首飞。还有很多问题,这些问题直到2000年基本设计缺陷才得以改正。到2002年,共建造了9架样机,并进行飞行测试以找到并修正各种小的问题。这使中国工程师得到了极大地锻炼,但是显而易见j-10不能与中国从俄罗斯购买的su-27s/30s相媲美。J-10很想美国的f-16,机重相同(19吨)。与f-16一样都是单发,而su-27是双发。


最后一个就是机重13吨的jf-17(枭龙),美国f-16的低成本的翻版。与巴基斯坦联合研制。Jf-17水平与早期的f-16相当,但是只有最新f-16的80%。Jf-17的大部分电子设备(巴方版本)是西方的,意大利公司是其主要供应商。Jf-17能携带3.6吨弹药,能够使用雷达制导和热追踪导弹。最大时速接近2,000km,作战半径1,300km最大高度17,700m。中国还没有决定是否要自己装备fc-1//jf-17。可能是因为中国相信自己的j-10和j-11就可以满足他们的需要。J-10和jf-17一样都没有达到他们期望的水平。


附原文如下:

China's Hidden Treasure

July 2, 2010: In the last two decades, China has designed and put into production three locally designed jet propelled warplanes. Two of them, the J-10 and JF-17 fighters, have gotten most of the attention. But the third one, the JH-7 is the most successful design. Officially a fighter-bomber, the 28 ton JH-7 is actually a light bomber that took nearly two decades to perfect. Originally meant to serve both air force and navy needs, the air force dropped out of the project, and the JH-7 entered service optimized for operations over water. Because it is a light bomber, and mainly a navy aircraft, the JH-7 has not received much media attention in the West.

The JH-7 carries a crew of two, and has radar for spotting other aircraft (at up to 75 kilometers), or ships at sea (175 kilometers). It is armed with a single 23mm cannon, and can carry eight tons of bombs or missiles. The first J-7s entered service in the early 1990s. Top speed is 1,800 kilometers an hour and combat radius is 1,700 kilometers. Nearly a hundred have been built so far, and most of them serve in the navy, as a replacement for the elderly H-5. The twin jet, 21 ton H-5 could carry three tons of bombs and missiles. It had a crew of three, a top speed of 900 kilometers an hour and a combat radius of about 800 kilometers. All but a dozen or so of the H-5s have been retired.

An upgraded model, the JH-7A, appeared in 2004. This version satisfied air force needs, as it was equipped to use smart bombs and find targets over land. The air force is now getting some of the JH-7 production. In many respects, the JH-7 has been more successful, as a precision light bomber, than two other efforts to develop jet fighters.

One of these, the J-10, is the first modern jet fighter designed and built in China. The aircraft is an attempt to create a modern fighter-bomber that could compete with foreign designs. The experiment was not completely successful. Work on the J-10 began over twenty years ago, in an attempt to develop an aircraft that could compete with the Russian MiG-29s and Su-27s, and the American F-16. But the first prototype did not fly until 1998. There were problems, and it wasn't until 2000 that the basic design flaws were fixed. By 2002, nine prototypes had been built, and flight testing was going forward to find, and fix, hundreds of smaller problems. It was a great learning experience for Chinese engineers, but it was becoming apparent that the J-10 was not going to be competitive with the Su-27s/30s China was buying from Russia. The J-10 looks something like the American F-16, and weighs about the same (19 tons). Like the F-16, and unlike the Su-27, the J-10 has only one engine.

Then there is the 13 ton JF-17, designed as a low cost alternative to the American F-16. It was developed in cooperation with Pakistan. The JF-17 is considered the equal to earlier versions of the F-16, but only 80 percent as effective as more recent F-16 models. Most of the JF-17 electronics (in the Pakistani version) are Western, with Italian firms being major suppliers. The JF-17 can carry 3.6 tons of weapons and use radar guided and heat seeking missiles. It has max speed of nearly 2,000 kilometers an hour, an operating range of 1,300 kilometers and a max altitude of 17,700 meters/55,000 feet. China has not yet decided on whether it will use the FC-1/JF-17 itself. This is apparently because China believes its own J-10 (another local design) and J-11 (a license built Russian Su-27) are adequate for their needs. The J-10, like the JF-17, did not work out as well as was hoped




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