军事术语常见的英文缩写

chenxiao126 收藏 1 5146
导读:在军事上为了很方便的表达,常常会把英文缩写表达,节约时间。

一、陆军军衔

General of the Army 五星上将

Gen. General 将军\上将

Lt. Gen. Lieutenant General 中将

Maj. Gen. Major General 少将

Brig. Gen. Brigadier General 准将

Col. Colonel 上校

Lt. Col. Lieutenant Colonel 中校

Maj. Major 少校

Capt. Captain 上尉

1st Lt. First Lieutenant 中尉

2nd Lt. Second Lieutenant 少尉

SFC Sergeant First Class 上士

Sgt. Sergeant 中士

Corp. Corporal 下士

PFC Private First Class 一等兵

Pvt. Private 二等兵

二、军队编制

corps/army 军

division 师

brigade 旅

regiment 团

battalion 营

company 连

platoon 排

squad 班(chalk 是美国游骑兵中的班,12人为一个chalk

三、常用军事术语的缩写

A:Attacker = 攻击机

AA:Anti-Air = 防空

AAA:Anti-Air Artillery = 高射炮

AAAV:Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle = 先进两栖突击车

AAM:Air-to-Air Missile = 空对空导弹

AAR:Air-to-Air Refueling = 空中加油

AAW:Anti-Air Warfare = 防空作战

ABL:AirBorne Laser = 机载激光器

ABM:Anti-Ballistic Missile = 反弹道导弹

ACMS:Air Combat Maneuvering System = 空战机动系统

ACV:Armored Combat Vehicle = 装甲战车

AFV:Armored Fighting Vehicle = 装甲战车

AEM&C:Airborne Early Warning and Control = 空中预警与指挥

AEW:Airborne Early Warning = 空中早期预警

AFB:Air Force Base = 空军基地

AGM:Air-to-Ground Missile = 空对地导弹

AGS:Armored Gun System = 装甲火炮系统

AGS:Advance Gun System = 先进火炮系统

AIM:Air Intercept Missile = 拦射空空导弹

ALBM:Air-Launched Ballistic Missile = 空射弹道导弹

ALCM:Air-Launched Cruise Missile = 空射巡航导弹

AMRAAM:Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile = 先进中程空空导弹

APAR:Active Phase-Array Radar = 主动相控阵雷达

APC:Armored Personnel Carrier = 装甲人员输送车

APFSDS-T:AP Fin-Stab. Discarding Sabot-Tracer = 尾翼稳定脱壳穿甲曳光弹

APS:Artillery Pointing System = 火炮指示系统

ARM:Anti Radiation Missile = 反辐射导弹

ASM:Air-to-Surface Missile = 空对舰导弹

ASRAAM:Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile = 先进短程空空导弹

ASROC:Anti-Submarine Rocket = 反潜火箭

ASuW:Anti-Surface Warfare = 反面作战

ASW:Anti-Submarine War = 反潜

ASW:Anti-Submarine Warfare = 反潜作战

ATC:Air Traffic Control = 空中交通管制

ATGM:Anti-Tank Guided Missile = 反坦克导弹

ATM:Advanced Turret Module = 先进炮塔模块

AUV:Autonomous Underwater Vehicle = 自主式水下航行器

AWAC:Airborne Warning And Control = 空中预警和控制

AWACS:Airborne Warning and Control System = 空中预警与指挥系统

AWOL:Absent WithOut Leave = 擅离职守;无故离队;开小差

B:Bomber = 轰炸机

BB:Battle Ship = 战列舰

BC:Battle Cruiser = 战列巡洋舰

BDA:Battle Damage Assessment = 战斗损害评估

BPI:Boost Phase Intercept = 加速阶段拦截

BRAA:Bearing, Range, Altitude and Aspect = 目标飞行情况

BVR:Beyond Visual Range = 超视距

BVRAAM:Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile = 超视距空空导弹

C:Carrier = 运输机

C3:Command, Control and Communication = 指挥控制通信系统

CAP:Combat Air Patrol = 战斗空中巡逻

CAS:Close Air Support = 近距空中支援

CASE:Computer Aided Software Engineering = 电脑辅助软件工程

CBU:Clustered Bomb Unit = 集束炸弹

CENTCOM:Central Command = 中央司令部

CFC:Carbon Fiber Composite = 碳纤维复合材料

CC:Cruiser = 巡洋舰

CG:Cruiser (Guided-missile) = 导弹巡洋舰

CIC:Combat Information Center = 战斗信息中心

CIC:Commander in Chief = 最高指挥官

CIWS:Close-In Weapon System = 近战武器系统

CIWS:Close Intercept Weapon System = 近程防御系统

CNChief of Naval Operation = 海军作战部长

COMINT:Communication Intelligence = 通信情报

COMDAC INS:Command Display and Control Integrated Navigation System = 集成控制导航系统

CR:Close Range = 近程

C/S:Course and Speed = 航向与速度

CV:Carrier Vessel = 常规动力航空母舰

CVN:Carrier Vessel (Nuclear-powered) = 核动力航母

CVBG:Carrier Battle Group = 航母战斗群

DASS:Defensive Aids Sub-System = 防御性辅助子系统

DD:Destroyer = 驱逐舰

DDG:Destroyer (Guided-missile) = 导弹驱逐舰

DU:Depleted Uranium = 贫铀

DVI:Direct Voice Input = 直接语音输入技术

E:Electronic = 电子战机

ECCM:Electronic Counter-Counter Measures = 电子反对抗,反电子战

ECM:Electronic Counter Measures = 电子对抗,电子战

ELINT:Electronic Intelligence = 电子情报

EMCON:Emissions Control = 发射控制

EML:ElectricMagnet Launcher = 电磁炮

EMP:ElectricMagnet Palse = 电磁脉冲

ERAAM:Extended Range Air-to-Air Missile = 延程空空导弹

ESM:Electronic Signal Measures = 电子信号警告

ESM:Electronic Support Measures = 电子支援

ETG:Electro Thermal Gun = 电热炮

ETCG:Electro Thermal Chemical Gun = 电热化学炮

EW:Early Warning = 预警

EW:Electronic Warfare = 电子战

EWAC:Early Warning And Control= 预警及控制

F:Fighter = 战斗机

FAE:Fuel Air Explosive = 油气炸弹

FEL:Free Elctron Laser = 自由电子激光器

FF:Frigate = 护卫舰

FFG:Frigate(Guided-missile) = 导弹护卫舰

FLIR:Forward Looking Infra-Red = 前视红外

FLOT:Forward Line Of Troops = 前线

FMRAAM:Future Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile = 未来中程空空导弹

FMTV:Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles = 中型战术车族

GEM:Guidance-Enhanced Missile = 制导增强导弹

GEGeo-Stationary Orbit = 地球同步轨道

GPS:Global Positioning System = 全球定位系统

GZ:Ground Zero = 核爆炸中心地面投影

H:Helicopter = 直升机

HE:High Explosive = 高爆炸药

HEAT:High-Explosive Anti-Tank = 高爆反坦克炸药(成形炸药)

HMD:Helmet Mounted Display = 头盔显示器

HPM:High Power Microwave = 高功率微波

HQ:Headquarters = 总部

HUD:Head-Up Display = 抬头显示器

HVU:High Value Unit = 高价值单位

IADS:Integrated Air Defense System = 综合防空系统

ICBM:Intercontinental Ballistic Missile = 洲际弹道导弹

IFF:Identification of Friend or Foe = 敌我识别

IFV:nfantry Fighting Vehicle = 步兵战车

IPE:Individual Protection Ensemble = 单兵防护装备

IRBM:Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile = 中程弹道导弹

IRST:Infra-Red Search and Track = 红外搜索跟踪

JDAM:Joint Direct Attack Munitions = 联合直接攻击弹药

JHMCS:Joint Helmet Mounted Cueing System = 联合头盔指引系统

JSF:Joint Strike Fighter = 联合打击战斗机

J-STAR:Joint Surveillance and Target Attack Radar system = 联合侦察和目标打击系统

JTIDS:Joint Tactical Info Distribution System = 联合战术信息分发系统

K:Kerosene = 加油机

KIA:Kill in Action = 阵亡

LANTIRN:Low-Alt. Nav.& Targeting Infra-Red for Night = 低空导航与目标指示红外夜视仪

LAV:Light Armored Vehicle = 轻型装甲车辆

LCA:Light Combat Aircraft = 轻型战斗机

LELow Earth Orbit = 近地轨道

LD:Laser Designator = 激光导引

LGB:Laser Guided Bomb = 激光制导炸弹

LORCAP:Long-Range Combat Air Patrol = 长距离战斗空中巡逻

LPT:Low Profile Turret = 低矮炮塔

LRBM:Long-Range Ballistic Missile = 远程弹道导弹

LRIP:Low Rate Initial Production = 低速试产

MBT:Main Battle Tank = 主战坦克

MC:Marine Corps = 海军陆战队

MCA:Medium Combat Aircraft = 中型战斗机

MCM:Mine Counter-Measures = 扫雷

MFD:Multi-Function Display = 多功能显示器

MFR:Multifunction Radar = 多用途雷达

MIL-STD:Milliraty Standard = 军事标准

MLU:Mid-Life Update = 中期延寿(战机)

MOPP:Mission-Oriented Protective Posture = 攻击中的防范状态

MOAB:Massive Ordnance Air Blast = 巨型空中炸弹

MOAB:Mother Of All Bombs = 炸弹之母

MPRF:Medium Pulse Repetition Frequency = 中脉冲重复频率

MRLS:Multiple Rocket Launching System = 多管火箭发射系统

NAVSSI:Navigation Sensor System Interface = 导航传感器系统界面

NCTR:NonCooperative Target Recognition = 非己方目标识别

NBC:Nuclear Biological and Chemical = 核、生物、化学

OICW:Objective Individual Combat Weapon = 目标单兵战斗武器

OOB:Order Of Battle = 战斗序列

OPCW:Org. for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons = 禁止化学武器组织

OTH:Over the Horizon = 超视距

OWS:Overhead Weapon System = 遥控炮塔

P:Patrol = 巡逻机

PA:Phase Array = 相控阵

PAC:Patriot Advanced Capability = 改进型爱国者导弹

PGM:Precision-Guided Munitions = 精确制导炸弹

PIM:Path of Intended Motion = 预定机动路线

PK:Probability of Kill = 杀伤率

PLGR:Precision Lightweight GPS Receiver = 精确轻型GPS接收器

R:Reconnaissance = 侦察机

RATRocket Assisted Take-Off = 火箭辅助起飞

RCS:Radar Cross Section = 雷达截面

RLG:Retractable Landing Gear = 回收式起落架

ROE:Rules of Engagement = 交战规则

ROV:Remote Operated Vehicle = 遥控车辆、飞机

RPG:Rocket Propelled Grenade = 火箭助推榴弹

RTB:Return To Base = 返回基地

RTReady to Take-Off = 起飞准备就绪

RWR:Radar Warning Receiver = 雷达告警器

SAM:Surface to Air Missile = 防空导弹

SAR:Search and Rescue = 搜索救援

SAR:Synthetic Aperture Radar = 合成孔径雷达

SATCOM:Satellite Communication = 卫星通信

SDV:Swimmer Delivery Vehicle = 潜水员输送载具

SEAD:Suppression of Enemy Air Defense = 压制敌方防空任务

SLBM:Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile = 潜射弹道导弹

SLGR:Small Lightweight GPS Receiver = 小型轻便GPS接收器

SOP:Standard Operation Procedure = 标准操作程序

SRBM:Short-Range Ballistic Missile = 近程弹道导弹

SSBN:Ballistic-missile Nuclear-powered Strategic Sub. = 战略导弹核潜艇

SSL:Solid State Lasers = 固态激光器

SSM:Surface-to-Surface Missile = 面对面导弹

SSN:Strike Submarine (Nuclear-powered) = 攻击型核潜艇

SSNDS:SSN Direct Support = 直接支援核潜艇

SSPK:Single-Shot Probability of Kill = 单发杀伤率

START:Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty = 战略武器削减条约

STK:Strike = 袭击

STN:Satellite Tracking Network = 卫星跟踪网

STOL:Short Take Off and Landing = 短距起降

STOP:Simultaneous Time on Top = 同时到达

SURTASS:SURface Towed Array Sonar System = 水面拖曳阵列声纳系统

TASM:Tomahawk Anti-Ship Missile = 战斧反舰导弹

TEL:Transporter/Erector/Launcher = 运输/起竖/发射车

THAAD:Theater High Altitude Area Defense = 战区高空区域防空

TLAM:Tomahawk Land Attack Missile = 战斧对地攻击导弹

TMA:Target Motion Analysis = 目标运动分析

TOW:Tube-launched Optic-tracked Wire-guided = 光学有线制导管内发射反坦克导弹(陶式导弹)

TVC:Thrust Vector Converter = 矢量推力

UAV:Unmanned Air Vehicle = 无人驾驶飞行器

UCAV:Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle = 无人驾驶战斗机

UFCP:Up Front Control Panel =(战机座舱)前部控制屏

UUV:Unmanned Underwater Vehicle = 无人水下航行器

VL:Verticle Landing = 垂直起降

VLS:Vertical Launch System = 垂直发射系统

VTOL:Vertical Take Off and Landing = 垂直起降

WECDIS:Warship Electronic Chart Display and Information Systems = 海图显示和信息系统

WRM:War Reserve Materials = 战争物资储备

W/S:Weapon System = 武器系统

WYPT:Waypoint = 路径点

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