平可夫说中国向乌干达出口T85坦克

原文,下有翻译:

Hong Kong, China — China has recently exported T85IIM main battle tanks to Uganda, according to a military industry source. But the tanks may be more for display than for defense. “This is a very small batch, intended for a military parade only,” the source said. This would be the first instance for the Ugandan army to employ China-made tanks.


The same type of main battle tank made an appearance at Sudan’s National Day military parade last year. Yet according to the source, the tanks were exported from China much earlier, possibly six or seven years ago, also in small quantity.


Military observers believe that China’s T85IIM will prove attractive to many African countries because it is cheaper than those from other countries, yet still provides sufficient combat power.


The 41-ton T85IIM MBT is fitted with a fire control system capable of maintaining vertical and horizontal stability. The tank fires mainly armor piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot, high explosive anti-tank and high explosive munitions. It uses 730-horsepower engines, which have a power-to-weight ratio of 17.8 horsepower per ton.


In recent years China has reportedly undertaken technological upgrades on the 125-mm APFSD, and the service life of the tank engine has also been improved, which are major steps forward in the country’s tank manufacturing industry.


To date, only Pakistan, Sudan and Uganda are known to have imported the T85IIM serial MBTs. Based on the T85IIM, China has also produced the T96 MBT – which has undergone two major upgrades so far – for its own People’s Liberation Army ground forces. The latest T96A2 MBT is fitted with a simplified thermal imaging system, as well as new-generation modular wedge-shaped armor.


China has also helped Sudan and other African countries upgrade the T59 tanks they imported from China in earlier years to T59D standard. The industry source disclosed details of China’s tank-upgrade programs.


First of all, with help from such countries as France, China has redesigned its third-generation thermal imaging system. Secondly, China has also upgraded its APFSDS munitions.


In addition, China has designed a 1500-horsepower engine, which has been tested on T99A2 MBTs. The reliability and efficiency of its 1500/1200-horsepower engines have also been considerably enhanced, but the export version of the MBT2000 main battle tank is still fitted with the Ukrainian-made 6TD2 1200-horsepower diesel engine.


Research and development on the 1500-horsepower tank engine is partly completed, the source said, with the major problem still being the immense size of the engine system. Because of this, the newly developed engine can only be fitted on a T99A2 MBT for testing.


As part of the testing, the T99A2 MBT has been outfitted with an active protection system similar to the Russian ARENA radar. This new millimeter-wave radar is mainly used to detect anti-tank missiles.


The thermal imaging system fitted on a T99A1 MBT is a second-generation technology; its mechanical scanning is noisy and not highly reliable. This is why this technology was not used for Pakistan’s Al-Khalid tank, co-developed with China.


The Wuhan Gaode IR Technology Group Company has jointly developed 2.5-generation infrared cooling and non-cooling technologies with the French Sofradir Company. Some IR136 third-generation cooling component parts are already used on third generation tanks, probably the T99A2 MBT.


In recent years, a key priority of China’s tank industry has been the upgrading of 125-mm caliber tank ammunitions, particularly APFSDS. China has so far upgraded APFSDS II to APFSDS IIM, both of which have a weight of 23 kilograms, but with different velocities. The APFSDS II has a velocity of 1720 meters per second, while the IIM’s velocity is 1700 meters per second.


The two types of APFSDS munitions have a penetration capacity of RHA220 mm/68.5o and RHA220mm/66.4o at a range of 2000 meters respectively. The 125-mm BTJ1 HEAT munitions have a penetration capacity of RHA180mm/68 o with behind armor effect, while the HEAT munitions displayed in earlier years have had a penetration capacity of RHA80mm/68 o with behind armor effect.




香港,中国-中国最近出口T 85IIM主战坦克向乌干达,根据军工来源。但是,坦克可能会更显示比防守。 “这是一个非常小批量生产,为阅兵只, ”该消息人士称。这将是一审的乌干达军队使用中国制造的坦克。


同一类型的主战坦克出现了在苏丹的国庆阅兵去年。然而,据消息来源说,坦克从中国出口的要早得多,可能六,七年前,也是在少量。


军事观察家认为,中国的T85IIM将证明吸引力,许多非洲国家,因为它是较来自其他国家,但仍然提供了足够的战斗力。


41吨重的主战坦克是T85IIM装有火控系统能保持纵向和横向稳定性。火灾的坦克装甲穿透主要鱼翅稳定脱壳,高爆反坦克和高爆弹药。它使用730马力的发动机,具有功率重量比为17.8马力每吨。


近年来,中国已进行技术升级的125毫米APFSD ,服务生活的坦克发动机也得到改善,这是向前迈出的重大步骤在该国的坦克制造业。


迄今为止,只有巴基斯坦,苏丹和乌干达等国,已知有进口的T85IIM串行MBTs 。基于T85IIM ,中国也产生了T96主战坦克-这经历了两个主要的升级迄今-为自己的解放军地面部队。最新的T96A2主战坦克装有一个简化的热成像系统,以及新一代模块化楔状铠甲。


中国还帮助苏丹和其他非洲国家升级T59坦克,他们从中国进口的前几年,以T59D标准。业内人士透露细节,中国的坦克的升级程序。


首先,帮助这些国家如法国,中国已经重新设计其第三代热成像系统。其次,中国还改善了其APFSDS弹药。


此外,中国已设计了一个1500马力的发动机,已测试T99A2 MBTs 。的可靠性和效率的1500/1200-horsepower发动机也已大大增强,但出口版本的MBT2000主战坦克仍然是装有乌克兰制造的6TD2 1200马力的柴油发动机。


研究和开发的1500马力的坦克发动机是部分完成的,消息来源称,主要问题仍然是巨大规模的发动机系统。正因为如此,新开发的发动机只能安装在T99A2主战坦克进行测试。


作为试验, T99A2主战坦克已经配备了积极的保护系统类似俄罗斯共和雷达。这种新的毫米波雷达,主要是用来探测反坦克导弹。


该热成像系统上安装T99A1主战坦克是第二代技术,其机械扫描是噪音,而不是非常可靠。这就是为什么这项技术不用于巴基斯坦的基地哈立德坦克,共同开发与中国。


武汉高德红外技术集团公司联合开发的2.5代红外线冷却和非冷却技术与法国Sofradir公司。一些IR136第三代冷却的组成部分已经被用于第三代坦克,大概是T99A2主战坦克。


近年来,一个主要优先事项中国的坦克工业已升级的125毫米口径坦克弹药,尤其是APFSDS 。中国迄今已升级APFSDS二APFSDS闭会期间政府间会议,这两个有一个体重23公斤,但不同的速度。在APFSDS二有一个速度1720米每秒,而在IIM的速度一千七米每秒。


这两个类型的APFSDS弹药的穿透能力RHA220 mm/68.5o和RHA220mm/66.4o在一系列2000米。 125毫米BTJ1热弹药的穿透能力与RHA180mm/68 ö背后装甲效果,而热弹药显示在早几年已渗透能力与RHA80mm/68 ö背后装甲的效果。

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