美军对粟裕淮海战役指挥艺术的研究和高度评价

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导读:Moving the Enemy: Operational Art in the Chinese PLA’s Huai Hai Campaign by Dr. Gary J. Bjorge Foreword This extensive and detailed study of the Huai Hai Campaign addresses a doctrinal concept that is of growing importance to the US Army—operati

Moving the Enemy:

Operational Art in the Chinese

PLA’s Huai Hai Campaign

by Dr. Gary J. Bjorge



Foreword


This extensive and detailed study of the Huai Hai Campaign addresses a doctrinal concept that is of growing importance to the US Army—operational art. It does so by looking at a campaign that occurred over a half century ago on a relatively unsophisticated battlefield on the other side of the world. For some, that distance from the so-called modern battlefield may make this study seem almost irrelevant. I would argue that, to the contrary, it increases its relevance to the challenges we face today.

This study has great relevance because in this time of expanding commitments and deployments around the world, it is more and more important that we increase our understanding of how other people think. This is important politically, socially, economically, and, of course, militarily. As Dr. Bjorge correctly points out, operational art is not about technology. It is a product of imagination and creative thought, and this is where we can learn from the Huai Hai Campaign. This campaign contains examples of commanders who were imaginative and creative. More important even, the campaign, as the author argues, shows non-Western classical Chinese military thought as an important inspiration for that creativity.

Reading Sun Tzu’s (Sunzi’s) The Art of War has been in vogue in the Army for years. For too many readers, however, this book never becomes more than a collection of aphorisms—pithy to some, trite to others, but without much applicability to their real-life challenges. This study looks at the Huai Hai Campaign from the perspective of The Art of War and shows that many of Sunzi’s concepts and precepts were part of the campaign vision and the operations that were conducted during the campaign. By doing this, the study not only increases our understanding of the nature of operational art, it increases our understanding of the thought contained in one of China’s great military classics. We commend it to you for your education and enjoyment.

Lawyn C. Edwards

Colonel, Aviation

Director, Combat Studies

Research and Publication Team

LTC Kevin W. Farrell

Chief

Dr. Lawrence A. Yates Mr. Phillip R. Davis

Senior Researcher Senior Editor

Dr. Gary J. Bjorge Ms. Patricia H. Whitten

Researcher/Historian Editor

Mr. Kendall D. Gott Ms. Robin D. Kern

Researcher Editor

Mr. John J. McGrath

Researcher

Leavenworth Papers are published by the Combat Studies Institute (CSI), US Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC), Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author and not necessarily those of the Department of Defense or any element thereof. A full list of CSI/CGSC Press publications, many of them available for downloading, can be found 。


Moving the Enemy:

Operational Art in the Chinese

PLA’s Huai Hai Campaign

by Dr. Gary J. Bjorge

Combat Studies Institute Press

Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Bjorge, Gary J.

Moving the enemy: operational art in the Chinese PLA’s Huai Hai

campaign / by Dr. Gary J. Bjorge.

p. cm.—(Leavenworth paper ; no. 22)

1. Huai Hai Campaign, China, 1948-1949. 2. Operational art (Military

science) I. Title: Operational art in the Chinese PLA’s Huai Hai

campaign. II. Title. III. Series.

DS777.5425.H83B56 2004

951.04’2—dc22

2003026753



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