[原创]印度核潜艇的问世将会使我们担忧吗

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印度的atv核潜艇-一个即将实现的大国之梦

Advanced Technology Vessel (ATV)

The nuclear haves are increasingly relying on sea-based nuclear deterrence in preference to land and air segments. India has a number of foreign-produced cruise missile systems in its arsenal, to include Exocet, Styx, Starbright, Sea Eagle, and perhaps the Russian Sunburn supersonic missile. It also has some indigenous cruise missile systems under development to include the Sagarika and Lakshya variant.


当今各大国都在比发展陆基和空基更优先地发展海基的核力量。印度拥有大量的进口的巡航导弹,包括Exocet, Styx, Starbright, Sea Eagle和大量的

俄罗斯的sunburn超音速导弹。她还配有一些不太为人所知的自己产的巡航导弹如Sagarika 和 Lakshya。


The Sagarika (Oceanic) began development in 1994 as a submarine-launched cruise missile (SLCM) which will have a range of at least 300 kms (a few claim 1000 kms); it was projected for deployment around 2005. The program has met with considerable delays and the missile is not expected to become operational before 2010. Tt will probably arm India's nuclear submarine, the Advanced Technology Vessel (ATV).


为潜艇配备的巡航导弹-海基的Sagarika是1994年开始开发的,它的射程至少达300公里(也有人说可达1000公里)。原计划2005年开始部署,

但可能要推迟到2010年才能进行。它很可能被装备到核潜艇atv上。


India is a nation that fights for entering the select group of countries that build nuclear powered submarines. Its program ATV, or Advanced Technology Vessel, was initiated in 1974. But aftre three decades it still had not presented results that could modify the current picture of the navies with nuclear propulsion.


印度为了能够跻身于大国行列而努力发展核潜艇,该计划命名为atv,开始于1974年。但是30年过去了还没有给印度海军披上核动力的袈裟。


India has been working actively since 1985 to develop an indigenously constructed nuclear-powered submarine, one that was based on the Soviet Charlie II-class design, detailed drawings of which are said to have been obtained from the Soviet Union in 1989. This project illustrates India's industrial capabilities and weaknesses. The secretive Advanced Technology Vessel (ATV) project to provide nuclear propulsion for Indian submarines has been one of the more ill-managed projects of India.


从1985年开始,印度就更加积极的发展本土的核潜艇,其中一款仿制苏联的Charlie-2级,据说1989年她从苏联拿到了该级潜艇的详图。这次

仿制检验了印度工业的能力和弱点。秘密的atv核潜艇项目已经成为一个治过病的项目。


Although India has the capability of building the hull and developing or acquiring the necessary sensors, its industry has been stymied by several system integration and fabrication problems in trying to downsize a 190 MW pressurized water reactor (PWR) to fit into the space available within the submarine's hull. The Proto-type Testing Centre (PTC) at the Indira Gandhi Centre For Atomic Research. Kalpakkam, will be used to test the submarine's turbines and propellers. A similar facility is operational at Vishakapatnam to test the main turbines and gear box.


虽然印度有能力制造潜艇船体以及得到或制造了所需要的传感器等,但在总装和缩小190MW的水压反应堆尺寸上却遇到了难题。甘地原子能研究

所设有试样检测中心,在Kalpakkam将测试潜艇涡轮和推进器,在Vishakapatnam将测试主涡轮和变速箱。


According to some accounts India planned to have as many as five nuclear submarines capable of carrying missiles with nuclear warheads. The Indian nuclear powered attack submarine design is said to have a 4,000-ton displacement and a single-shaft nuclear power plant of Indian origin. Once the vessel is completed, it may be equipped with Danush/Sagarika cruise missiles and an advanced sonar system. However, according to some analysts the most probable missile for the Indian submarine would be the Yahont anti-ship cruise missile designed by NPO Mashinostroyeniya.


按计划印度将为五艘核潜艇配备相应的带核弹头的巡航导弹,据说这些核潜艇的排水量是4000吨,单轴的核动力发电机也是印度自己生产的。

一旦潜艇制造完成,它将配备Danush/Sagarika巡航导弹和先进的声纳系统,不过一些分析家认为这些潜艇更可能的是配备

NPO Mashinostroyeniya设计的Yahont反舰导弹。


With the participation he accomplishes of involved Russian scientists and technician in the diverse phases of the program, has possibility of that the first Indian submarine with nuclear propulsion, with 9,400 tons of displacement when submerged and 124 meters of length, can be operational in 2009, will have been launched in 2006-2007.


据一些在不同时期参与过该项目的俄罗斯的科技人员透漏,印度的第一艘核潜艇的排水量有可能达到9400吨长124米,大约2006-07年下水,2009年服役。


By 2004 it was reported that the first ATV would be launched by 2007. At that time it was reported that it would be an SSGN and displacing some 6,500 tons, with a design derivative of Russia's Project 885 Severodvinsk-class (Yasen) SSN. The ATV multirole platform would be employed for carrying out long-distance interdiction and surveillance of both submerged targets as well as principal surface combatants. It would also facilitate Special Forces operations by covertly landing such forces ashore. The ATV pressure hull will be fabricated with the HY-80 steel obtained from Russia.


据2004年的报道,第一艘atv将于2007年下水,排水量6500吨,是俄罗斯的yasen级仿改型。Atv的多功能平台使得它既可以长途跟踪和

监视水下目标也可以领导水上的战斗。它也可以轻易的偷袭陆上的目标。Atv的耐压舱体采用的是俄罗斯的hy-80钢材。


This way would have the possibility of multiple performance: it could use missiles of cruise of average reach (1,000 km), ballistic missiles of short reach (300 km), torpedoes and mines, besides participating of operations special. If it will have success in this taken over on a contract basis, will be valid to assume that the Indian Fleet will count on four to six of these submarines until the year of 2020.


它可以携带射程1000公里的巡航导弹,也可以搭载射程300公里的短程导弹,如果第一艘获得成功,那么可以预见到2020年印度将很快的拥有4到6艘核潜艇。


Vessel Type Submarine

Country India

Program Advanced Technology Vessel (ATV)

Total Number 4-6

Unit Cost (US$) 1B (Est.)

Builder Vishakapatnam Naval Dockyard (VND) with assistance from Mazagon Dock Ltd. (MDL).

Displ. Tons 5,500 – 6,500 (Est.)

Length 100m (328ft) (Est.)

Beam 15m (49.2ft) (Est.)

Draft 9m (29.5ft) (Est.)

Machinery Nuclear: one pressurized water reactor (PWR) using 20% enriched uranium fuel (160-190MW); one turbine (47,000hp/70MW); one shaft; one 7-bladed, high-skew propeller. (Est.)

Speed (Knots) 12-15 (surfaced) 30-34 (submerged). (Est.)

Range Unlimited.

Diving Depth 300 m (984.2ft). (Est.)

Complement Undetermined.

Weapons Torpedoes: Six 21 inch (533mm) torpedo tubes. Mines. A total capacity (mines, torpedoes, and missiles) of 30 weapons. (Est.)

Missiles Submarine launched cruise missiles (SLCM) using either a vertical launch system or a torpedo tube launch, surface-to-surface missiles (SSMs), and a submarine launched ballistic missile (SLBM). (Est.)


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