打开航母的缺口,中国YJ-62新型远程反舰导弹!ZT

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在2004年早期,一种新型反舰导弹首先装备了中国海军052C级驱逐舰。该导弹的圆形包装/发射筒与中国YJ-8系列的方箱式发射器完全不同,而与美国鱼叉及法国exocet反舰导弹发射器比较类似。后来网络上发表了一副照片,指出这就是中国最新型YJ-62反舰导弹,采用惯性/GPS+主动雷达导引头,最大射程达280千米。

尽管YJ-62属于YJ-61导弹(出口名称C-601,北约代号:CAS-1北海巨妖,源于前苏联SS-N-2)的发展型,但二者之间基本上没有多少相似之处。YJ-62的弹体更苗条、更轻巧,在设计上也明显远比YJ-61更现代化。

北方机密机械进出口公司在2005年9月13-16日伦敦国际防务展览会上公布了一些YJ-62的细节,声称YJ-62配备了一具频率捷变导引头,比中国以前的反舰导弹所配备的单脉冲导引头具有更强的抗阻塞干扰能力。

YJ-62反舰导弹在射程和战斗部威力方面比绝大多数俄式及西方反舰导弹都强,但这种导弹是否能达到同等的精度及抗干扰能力还不得而知,但无论如何中国已有能力开发出具有世界先进水平的反舰导弹。尽管YJ-62是用来攻击水面战舰的,但通过更换导引头,也可用于攻击陆上目标,从而使其载舰具有远程离岸攻击能力。

YJ-62采用常轨巡航导弹布局,弹体中部的弹翼可在发射后展开,发动机进气口位于十字尾翼的稍前方。导弹长度6.1米(不含长度为0.9米的助推器),弹重1140千克。附加的固体火箭助推器重量210千克。YJ-62的巡航发动机为一台小型涡喷或涡扇发动机。

据称YJ-62采用了惯性导航系统,并通过GPS系统进行修正,在飞行末段,使用主动雷达导引头。导弹射程达到280千米,巡航高度30米。在飞行末段,导弹高度降低到7-10米。主动雷达导引头收索范围可达40千米。

规格 F

长:6.1M(不带空压机),7M(带空压机)

直径:N/A

翼展:N/A C

重量:1,140kg (不带空压机),1,350kg (带空压机)

威力 :300kg HE

动力:1 WP或者WS发动机,1 固体推进器

最大速度:0.9马赫

最大射程:280KM

飞行高度:巡航30M,末端7~10M

制导模式:惯性+GPS,末端主动雷达

YJ-62 ANTI-SHIP CRUISE MISSILE

The YingJi-62 (YJ-62) is a long-range subsonic anti-ship cruise missile (ASCM) developed by China Haiying Electro-Mechanical Technology Academy (CHETA, also known as 3rd Aerospace Academy). The missile was first spotted onboard the Type 052C (Lanzhou class) destroyers commissioned in 2004. The 280km-range missile may also form the basis for a longer-range land attack cruise missile (LACM) family for the PLA.

PROGRAMME

A new type of anti-ship missile launchers was first spotted onboard the PLA Navy’s Type 052C (Lanzhou class) destroyer in early 2004. Unlike the PLA Navy’s existing YJ-8 series anti-ship missiles, which are launched from a box-shape launcher, the new missile employs a cylinder-shape launcher similar to those found on the U.S. Harpoon and French Exocet missile systems. An Internet source photo published later suggested that the new missile was the PLA Navy’s latest YJ-62 long-range ASCM, which features a maximum range of 280km and INS/GPS + active radar guidance.

Despite carrying the development variant designation of the YingJi-6 (YJ-6, also known as C-601 in its export name, NATO codename: CAS-1 Kraken) anti-ship missile family, which was developed from the 1950s-era Soviet SS-N-2 Styx missile, the new YJ-62 missile bears little resemblance to the YJ-6. The missile body of the YJ-62 appears to be much slimmer and lighter, and clearly a far more modern design than the YJ-6.

China National Precision Machinery Import and Export Corporation (CPMIEC), a window company for the Chinese defence industry, published some details on the new YJ-62 anti-ship missile during the Defence Systems & Equipment International (DSEI) land and naval systems exhibition held in London during 13~16 September 2005. CPMIEC claimed that the YJ-62 is fitted with a frequency agile radar seeker, giving the missile much greater resistance to jamming compared to the mono-pulse radar seekers fitted on previous Chinese indigenous anti-ship missiles.

The YJ-62 ASCM outperforms most Western and Russian anti-ship missiles in terms of range and warhead mass, thought it is not clear whether the missile possesses the same accuracy and anti-jamming capability. Nevertheless, it demonstrates China’s capability to design and develop a world-class advanced anti-ship missile. As well as being able to attack surface ships, the YJ-62 fitted with an alternative guidance system may also be capable of attacking land targets, giving its carrier ship the long-range, stand-off precision strike capability.

The YJ-62 is a conventional cruise missile design, with mid-body wings which deploy following launch. The engine inlet is mounted slightly forward of the cruciform tail fins. The missile is 6.1m long, without the 0.9m launch booster, and weights 1,140kg. The solid propellant booster weighs an additional 210kg. The missile is powered by a small turbojet or turbofan engine.

It is claimed that the YJ-62 uses strap-down inertial guidance coupled with GPS, and active radar for the terminal phase. The missile has a stated range of 280km, with the missile flying at an altitude of 30m during the cruise phase of an engagement. In the terminal phase, the missile descends 7~10m. The active radar seeker has an acquisition range of up to 40km.

SPECIFICATIONS

Length: 6.1m (withou booster); 7m (with booster)

Diameter: N/A B

Wingspan: N/A 

Launch weight: 1,140kg (without booster); 1,350kg (with booster)

Warhead: 300kg HE

Propulsion: One turbojet/turbofan engine, one solid booster

Max speed: Mach 0.9

Max range: 280km

Flight Altitude: 30m (flight); 7~10 m (attacking)

Guidance Mode: Inertial + GPS, terminal active radar

Single-Shot Hit Probability: N/A

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