简氏:龙的牙齿-中国导弹提高它们的策略[转贴]

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导读:简氏:龙的牙齿-中国导弹提高它们的策略[转贴]

作者:罗勃特·休森


中国现在制造和供给导弹能被用于从海滩,跨越海岸/浜海环境作战,并且增程超越地平线交战。这主要经过一个分期改善的进步过程已经被实现。


同时,中国已经证明它能接受完全地新的观念去适合人民解放军陆军、海军、海军航空兵和空军必需的操作要求。


可能使用战术弹道导弹对抗海上的目标是这些中最好例子,而且意图那个操纵的方法是清楚的:中国已经花费大量时间分析如何最好的去使在太平洋的美国海军力量失效-特别航空母舰攻击群。


C-602


C-602脱离了中国的反舰导弹的其余者因为在射程和精度条件上它是一个根本的偏离。它实际上是一种巡航导弹,用于海上攻击任务重新装配。它基本设计是明显的可升级和C-602性能今天或许在这一种结构的理论能力上处在下端。它已经从2005年以后在出口市场上提供。


最初观察C-602外销命名认为和非常陈旧C-601导弹(YJ-6/YJ-61系列产品)的一种连接关系,一种1960年中国设计的基于苏联SS-N-2‘冥河’。然而,涡轮喷气发动机-动力的C-602是全新的,非常现代化的设计具有一个280公里的最大射程。


进行中的弹道的


大部分中国已经完成在它的反舰导弹-能力的发展与欧洲、美国和其它地方平行。但是一个中国的舰艇-杀伤战略突出的要素被看做一个不平常的技术应用,和一种空前的威胁。


以中国条件,这是“杀手锏”(Shashaojian)-暗杀者的钉头槌-将是一种‘银弹’武器,字面上,从晴朗的蓝天掉落。


一份2004年美国海军情报办公室制作的报告它清楚的中国正在发展能力使用它的DF-21战术弹道导弹(TBMs)对抗海上目标。DF-21携带一个单一的大约500/600公斤弹头越过1,500个公里到2,000公里距离,或更远。


设计当做一个核运载系统,DF-21也能配备一个常规负载。如果安排去操作,这样的一个武器将会是没有对手的‘航空母舰杀手’。


附原文供对照参考:


Dragon's teeth - Chinese missiles raise their game


By Robert Hewson


China now builds and supplies missiles that can be used in combat from the beach, across the coastal/littoral environment, and out to extended-range engagements far over the horizon. This has largely been achieved through an evolutionary process of staged improvement.


At the same time, China has shown that it can embrace entirely new concepts to serve the essential operational requirements of the People's Liberation Army, the navy and naval air force, and the air force.


The potential use of tactical ballistic missiles against targets at sea is the best example of this and the intent that drives the process is clear: China has spent a great deal of time analysing how best to neutralise US naval forces in the Pacific - in particular the carrier strike groups.


C-602


The C-602 stands apart from the rest of China's anti-ship missiles because it is such a radical departure in terms of range and accuracy. It is effectively a cruise missile, repackaged for the maritime attack role. Its basic design is clearly scalable and the C-602's performance today is probably at the lower end of this configuration's theoretical capabilities. It has been offered on the export market since 2005.


At first sight the C-602 export designation would suggest a linkage to the much older C-601 missile (YJ-6/YJ-61 family), a 1960s-era Chinese design based on the Soviet SS-N-2 'Styx'. However, the turbojet-powered C-602 is a completely new, very modern design with a maximum range of 280 km.


Going ballistic


Most of what China has accomplished in the development of its anti-ship missile -capabilities parallels that of Europe, the US and elsewhere. But one element of China's ship-killing strategy stands out as a remarkable application of technology, and an unprecedented threat.


In Chinese terms, this is a Shashaojian - the assassin's mace - a 'silver bullet' weapon that would, literally, drop from the clear blue sky.


A 2004 report by the US Office of Naval Intelligence made it plain that China was developing the capability to use its DF-21 tactical ballistic missiles (TBMs) against tar¬gets at sea. The DF-21 carries a single warhead of about 500/600 kg over a distance of 1,500 km to 2,000 km, or more.


Designed as a nuclear delivery system, the DF-21 can also be fitted with a conventional payload. If made to work, such a weapon would be a 'carrier killer' without equal.



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