[原创]★驳斥《惊讶!美军知名度最大的中国飞行员

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导读:[原创]★驳斥《惊讶!美军知名度最大的中国飞行员

驳: 焦景文大战雷思那

网上广泛流传着>.(又名:《中国王牌焦景文与美军王牌雷斯那之间的一场空战》,《惊讶!美国空军中知名度最大的中国飞行员竟是他》)

这篇文章最早发表在“华岳论坛”,现在你可以在任何一个搜索引擎里找到它。

事实上,大战雷思那的不是焦景文。

引用这篇文章的原文如下:

焦景文是朝鲜战争中著名的王海大队的一员,王海的僚机,有击落敌机三架的记录,在中国空军的英雄榜上并不是最突出的一位。但在美国的空军圈子里,他的大名却比任何其他一名中国飞行员都响亮。因为他和美军王牌飞行员罗比-雷斯那(ROBBIE RISNER)之间的一场经典空战。

雷思那可不是简单的人物。他是美国空军最著名的王牌飞行员之一,国会荣誉勋章的获得者。和德国、日本、苏联的顶级飞行员都交过手。可他认为自己一辈子遇到的最强大的对手却是一位被他击落的中国飞行员---焦景文。美国空军界也把这次空战视为空战史上经典中的经典。

阅读雷思那的战斗报告,虽是从敌人的角度,虽是一次我军失利的空战,其精彩与惊险却仍然历历在目,叹为观止。双方斗智斗勇的过程,也让人热血沸腾。读罢由衷叹一句,焦景文,真英雄也!

空战爆发于1952年10月10日。战斗一开始,经验老道的雷思那就先发现我机,突施偷袭。第一炮就打掉了焦景文座机的座舱盖,使焦一开始就陷入绝境。正当雷思那以为这将是一次轻松的猎杀时,焦景文却突然驾机直扑地面。在目瞪口呆的雷斯那认为已不可能的情况下,在离地面不到5英尺(不足两米)的高度拉起改平,擦地飞行。雷斯那虽然也直追下来,但已无法攻击。因为战斗机的机枪有个微微向上的角度,怎么也不可能对离地两米的目标开火的。两架飞机就在树梢的高度你追我赶,翻滚,盘旋,蛇形机动,互相企图寻找射击角度。按雷思那自己的话,他把“最后一点点的本事都使出来了”,“完全是凭着直觉”,才勉强咬住焦景文。为了争取一点点速度上的优势,焦景文曾飞出了一个让雷思那惊呼“平生所见最疯狂的动作之一”,横滚后倒着擦山顶飞过(焦景文可是没有座舱盖的),焦的脑袋离山顶的树梢也只有几英尺。另一刻两机曾机翼挨着机翼贴地飞行,雷思那有机会清楚的看到对手的面孔(焦的氧气罩也被吸走了),吃惊的发现是个年轻的东方人。他原以为这么高超的飞行员一定是个苏军飞行员。焦景文则向他示威的挥了挥拳头。

两人缠斗一阵后飞抵中方机场上空。地面防空炮火猛烈开火向美机射击。这时焦景文误以为在防空火力的掩护下已经安全了而放松了警惕,准备着陆。没想到狡猾的雷思那竟然穿透防空火网,直扑下来,在焦着陆的一刻打飞了他的半个机翼。但焦临危不乱,成功的将飞机迫降在跑道旁的草地上,安然无恙。但迫降激起的巨大尘土让雷斯那误以为战机已解体爆炸。他的僚机也兴奋的狂叫,“你刚刚干掉了整个共产空军!”(呵呵,对焦的评价够高的。)不过雷思那也为他的冲动付出了代价。他的僚机在返航途中被地面炮火击落,跳伞身亡。

雷斯那战后对此精彩空战的描述轰动美国空军,但一直不知道对手是谁。几十年后与中国空军开始接触后才知道是焦景文,於是他名扬海外。但中国空军很少有人知道这次空战,毕竟这是一次败仗。但我认为,重要的不是以成败论英雄,而是为焦景文在空战中表现的大无畏精神和无比高超的飞行技术而由衷自豪。

英文原版报告:

Major Robinson "Robbie" Risner's sixth kill.

10 October 1952.

At 0900 Risner and his wingman, Joe Logan, taxied [their F-86s] down the Kimpo runway. The other two pilots followed in quick succeession. This flight, code-named "John Red," made its way to the Yalu, some thirty minutes from Kimpo. The flight's mission was to protect a squadron of USAF fighter-bombers that was scheduled to attack a chemical plant at the mouth of the river. When the flight arrived at "MiG Alley," Risner immediately gave the "pus*y willow" command [turn off IFF] and took the flight on a sweep along the Chinese side of the Yalu. This preemptive maneuver would give the fighter-bombers maximum protection against any potential MiG attacks.

The initial sweep yielded no MiG sightings. On the second sweep, however, Risner saw a glint of sunlight at his twelve o'clock low. As if by instinct, he knew that this sparkle meant MiGs. He ordered his flight to drop their wing fuel tanks. The four MiGs did the same as they made a 180-degree turn and retreated back toward their base at Antung. These MiGs were hungry for the lower performance F-84 fighter-bombers, and had no intention of tangling with the top-of-the-line F-86s. But Risner had other plans. He aligned his pipper on the tail-end Charlie and gave his six M-3 .50 caliber guns a squeeze. The incendiaries shattered the MiG's canopy.

In an effort to escape, the MiG pilot descended at maximum speed. At one point the MiG did a half-roll and flew upside down for fifty seconds as Risner pounded him with short bursts from his machine guns. The MiG then entered into a split-S, and Risner thought to himself, "This is going to be the easiest kill of my career." Risner, convinced that the MiG would not be able to pull out of the S in time to avoid hitting the ground, made an angling split-S and braced himself for the impending explosion. Nothing happened.

The MiG did not crash as Risner had so smugly predicted. Instead, it pulled out of the dive just in time, created a billowing cloud of dust and pebbles over a dry riverbed. The MiG, now flying five feet over the deck, was too low to hit with the F-86's guns, which fired slightly upward. But Risner had too much drive to cut off the chase. He was not about to let all those practice dogfights flown in the F-51 over the Oklahoma skies go to waste. FInally, he had met his match -- a pilot who would force him to draw on every skill he had ever learned. Risner was about to embark on the ultimate dogfight. At this point, Risner could not kill the MiG but at least he could take a good look at his foe. He maneuvered his F-86 alongside the MiG-15. As they coasted wingtip to wingtip, Risner peered into the now open cockpit. He could see the eyes of the pilot and the stitching of his leather helmet. Risner noticed that the pilot's oxygen mask was gone: it had been sucked off when he shot away the canopy. The MiG pilot returned Risner's gaze and raised his fist in defiance.

The MiG then throttled back in an attempt to catch Risner off guard. He hoped to slip behind Risner and pound him with his 23- and 37- mm cannons. But Risner had too much situational awareness to fall for such a trap; he did a high G-force roll over the top of the MiG and came down behind it. SImultaneously, the MiG broke right, pulling all the G's it could. But Risner stayed behind the MiG. HE later commented, "I never thought about what I was doing, it was all reflex."

After several minutes of hard maneuvers, both planes exited the dry riverbed and began to climb a heavily wooded hill. To Risner's surprise, the MiG executed one of the craziest maneuvers he had ever seen. In an effort to gain a small speed advantage, the MiG did an inverted roll and flew upside down over the hill. His open cockpit was just a few feet from the treetops. Risner's wingman, Joe Logan, who had been flying high and to the right the entire time, screamed in the headset: "Hit him lead. Pound him!" But Risner could not. He was doing all he could just to stay behind him.

The planes rounded a hill at .8 Mach, then all of a sudden the MiG cut his throttle and Risner rolled over the top of him. Wingtip to wingtip now, the MiG pilot again raised his fist at Risner. Next the MiG made an abrupt, full-throttle, 90-degree turn to the left. Risner new that this was his last chance to blow this guy out of the sky. He let his pipper creep toward the MiG's tailpipe, and just as he was about to fire, Risner heard Logan's voice: "Lead, they're shooting at us." The two planes were now directly over the Chinese air base at Tak Tung Kau.

Despite this warning, Risner continued the chase: he was too close to let the MiG slip away. The MiG pilot erroneously assumed that the flak from the airfield would scare him off. It did not. Risner chased the MiG in between two hangars. When the MiG attempted to land on the dusty runway, Risner hammered him hard. He blew four feet off the left wing.

As the wing burned, the MiG pilot desperately sought out the grassy side of the runway for an emergency landing. Risner still had no intention of letting the plane land; he fired all of his remaining ammunition into its tailpipe. The MiG would not give up: it leveled off and attempted a "belly landing." At this point, his luck ran out. The MiG burst apart in a tremendous explosion, and pieces of flaming aircraft flew all over the airfield, igniting the parked aircraft nearby. "Red lead," Logan yelled ecstatically, "you just destroyed the whole Communist air force." Risner chuckled but was more intent on getting his wingman and himself safely back to base than reveling in his victory. Risner and Logan threw the coal to their engines and made a steep climb away from the base.

As the F-86s climbed out, they passed over some 250 anti-aircraft guns which lined the perimeters of both Tak Tung Kau and Antung air bases. Flak exploded all around them as the pilots jinked to avoid it. Just before Risner and Logan crossed the Yalu back into North Korea, Logan radioed Risner, "Lead, my fuel gauge is down." Risner flew around Logan's F-86 to make sure that the fuel tank had not been hit. It had. Fuel and hydraulic fluid were streaming out of Logan's belly. Risner radioed Logan, "It looks like you've been hit."

Fearing that his wingman would not have enough fuel and fluid to make it back to Kimpo, Risner decided on a bold course of action. He ordered Logan to open the throttle up: "Might as well use it before you lose it, Red 2." As soon as Logan ran out fo fuel, Risner would position his nose behind Logan's stricken aircraft and gently push it periodically until they reached the friendly island of Chodo [Cheju-do?], where Logan could safely bail out. Risner figured that enough air would be flowing through Logan's tailpipe and the gap below Risner's tailpipe to prevent Risner's F-86 from stalling, but the move was still risky. While executing this maneuver, Risner realized that he placed his own aircraft in danger. If he sucked in any damaged engine parts from Logan's plane, his own engine might quit, or worse yet, explode. To the pilots' utter amazement, the emergency maneuver worked.

Risner successfully pushed Logan's plane to a point tenes off the coast of Chodo. At this point, Logan radioed Risner, "OK, I am going to bail out. I'll see you in a little while as soon as they pick me up."...

(Risner lands, waits two hours, meets the seaplane, Logan drowned when the chute cord tangled around his neck)

From: Officers in Flight Suits. Sherwood.

(引用结束)

事实上,文章中的这名优秀的中国飞行员不是焦景文.

首先,我要说焦景文和上文中的这位中国的无名飞行员,两人都是中华民族的骄傲,他们都是我们的英雄。

下面开始对上文的驳斥:

1.

在中国空军的英雄榜上并不是最突出的一位。但在美国的空军圈子里,他的大名却比任何其他一名中国飞行员都响亮。

你可以在任何英文搜索引擎里输入他的名字“Jiao Jingwen”,不管是GOOGLE还是YAHOO,都查不到任何对他的评价。

2.

雷思那可不是简单的人物。他是美国空军最著名的王牌飞行员之一,国会荣誉勋章的获得者。和德国、日本、苏联的顶级飞行员都交过手。

的确,雷思那不是简单的人物。

但是,上文的作者肯定不了解他。

根据美国空军官方网站里雷思那的传记,他43年入伍44年获得飞行员资格后就在巴拿马开P-38和P-39直到46年退役,

从来没有参加过任何与德国或日本的空战。

美国空军官方网站里雷思那的传记:

http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=6916

事实上,各种文史资料里也没有任何雷思那在二战中对德日的空战记录。

你张嘴就说他和德国、日本的顶级飞行员交手,有证据吗?

3.

空战爆发于1952年10月10日。

根据,崔长琦主编的《世界百年空战纪实》里面《铁杆僚机逞英豪--志愿军空军英雄罗沧海、王昭铭、范万章、焦景文》,

引用如下:

1952年12月3日,王海率领全大队12架战鹰与40多架美机展开一场鏖战。

……

"咚咚咚"! 一阵急促的炮火从后上方射向焦景文的机身。“嘣"的一声,飞机剧烈抖动起来,震得焦景文头晕眼花。一股强劲的寒风吹进座舱,像无数钢针刺在他的脸上,钻心般疼痛。焦景文定了定神,抬头一看,座舱盖已被打掉一半,机翼上千疮百孔,升降舵也不太听使唤了。

……

在战友们的起盼中,焦景文驾着负伤29处的战鹰奇迹般地飞回了基地。

(引用结束)

资料来源:

http://www.oklink.net/a/0104/0402/sjbn/index.html

显然,焦景文的座舱盖的的确确被打坏过,但那是在1952年12月3日,而不是上文中的十月份。

由此误传,王海身边的红人成了文中那位无名飞行员。

4.

另一刻两机曾机翼挨着机翼贴地飞行,雷思那有机会清楚的看到对手的面孔(焦的氧气罩也被吸走了),吃惊的发现是个年轻的东方人。他原以为这么高超的飞行员一定是个苏军飞行员。焦景文则向他示威的挥了挥拳头。

根据上面英文原文:

As they coasted wingtip to wingtip, Risner peered into the now open cockpit. He could see the eyes of the pilot and the stitching of his leather helmet. Risner noticed that the pilot's oxygen mask was gone: it had been sucked off when he shot away the canopy. The MiG pilot returned Risner's gaze and raised his fist in defiance.

雷思那他并没有想过飞行员是苏联的还是中国的。

根据常识,大家都知道在苏军中很多来自远东地区的官兵长相与中国人是一模一样的,即使他想分辨也不分不开的。作者说他原以为这么高超的飞行员一定是个苏军飞行员,这只是作者自己的艺术加工罢了。

当年帅哥变老头。(照片转自网络,非本人拍摄)

铁血网提醒您:点击查看大图铁血网提醒您:点击查看大图铁血网提醒您:点击查看大图

希望中国空军强大的心情,我们可以理解,但也不能张冠李戴呀,篡改历史呀!

这不是自慰吗!

自己手淫就算了,还哄着大家跟你一起打飞机...

欢迎战友们广泛转载本文,以正视听.

[ 转自铁血社区 http://bbs.tiexue.net/ ]

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